The Catholic University of America

John Joseph Keane Collection

An Inventory of the John Joseph Keane Collection at The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives


Contact Information:

Mailing Address: The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. 20064

Telephone: 202-319-5065

Email: archives@mail.lib.cua.edu

URL: http://archives.lib.cua.edu/

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Descriptive Summary

Repository: The Catholic University of America, The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives
Creator: The Catholic University of America
Title: Bishop John J. Keane Collection
Dates: 1868-1918, n.d.
Extent: 3 linear feet; 3 boxes
Abstract: Bishop John J. Keane served as the first Rector (President) of The Catholic University of America from 1887 to 1896. This collection consists of two series. The first consists of published documents, a scrapbook, newspaper clippings, personal writings, and a small amount of correspondence. A photographic album containing a total of 47 images including portraits of the University administrators and faculty and the buildings and grounds in 1896 comprises the second series. The faculty presented the album as a gift to Bishop Keane when he left the University in 1896. The inside back cover includes a handwritten index to all photographs in the album.
Collection Number: 245

Biographical Note

John J. Keane served as the first Rector of the Catholic University of America from 1887 to 1896. Keane was born September 12, 1839 in Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Ireland. After emigrating to the United States as a child with his family, he spent his early life in Baltimore, Maryland. He was educated at the Christian Brothers of Calvert Hall. By 1860, Keane had decided to enter the priesthood and began his studies at St. Charles College in Ellicott City. After completing studies at St. Mary's Seminary in Baltimore, he was ordained in 1866. He moved to DC and spent the next twelve years at St. Patrick's Cathedral in Washington, DC.

In 1878, he was named Bishop of Richmond, Virginia. In 1885, he was asked to join a committee charged with examining the feasibility of creating "A Catholic University for America." He eventually was chosen to be the University's first Rector (President) in 1887, at which point he resigned from his ecclesiastical office in Richmond, and remained at the helm of the University until 1896. He served the University during what was to be a rough and crucial first decade of establishment and growth. As rector of the university, Keane successfully faced the challenge of getting the university up and running, which required obtaining a core of reputable European and American professors for the faculty of the young university and adequately enrolling a sufficient student body. He used his skills in public speaking to promote the university on a national level. He also, however, used his position to support the Americanist faction of the Catholic hierarchy. His outspoken personality and defense of university faculty members, who wrote on sensitive topics, pushed him into conflict with some of the more conservative members of the hierarchy, particularly over the educational debate. This became a significant influencing factor in his unexpected dismissal from the rectorship in 1896 by Pope Leo XIII.

After his years of service to the University, Bishop Keane was invited to Rome, where he was appointed Archbishop of Damascus and served as a consultant to the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith. In 1899 he returned to the United States where he served as Archbishop of Dubuque, Iowa from 1900 - 1911, when poor health forced him to resign. Remaining in Dubuque during the last seven years of his life, Archbishop John J. Keane died on June 22, 1918.

The album in the collection was given to Keane by the "Professors of CUA" as a token of their appreciation for all of his work, upon his leaving the University in 1896. The album is still intact and was professionally bound. The album contains property stamps and cataloging materials which were added by the Columbia College (now Loras College) Library in Dubuque, Iowa, which is where the album resided until being donated to CUA in 1996. Bishop Keane probably donated the album to Columbia College during his tenure as Archbishop of Dubuque, Iowa, from 1900 to 1911.

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Scope and Contents

The John Joseph Keane Collection contains some of the personal documents and photographs of the first rector of The Catholic University of America and consists of two series. Series one comprises a small number of pamphlets and other published documents ranging in focus from Keane's involvement in the debate on education in America to his installation as the Archbishop of Dubuque, Iowa, to the proceedings of a synod held in New York. There is also a scrapbook of newspaper clippings and a number of folders containing more clippings dedicated to articles concerning or written by Keane dating from 1868-1897, the year following Keane's resignation. Finally, the first series has some of Keane's personal writings, including a chronicle of his years as the university's rector, and a small amount of correspondence.

The second series is a commemorative album of photographs. It consists of 28 pages containing 47 photographs of the University administration, faculty, buildings, and grounds as they appeared ca. 1896. The album was compiled by the CUA faculty as a farewell gift to Bishop John J. Keane, when he stepped down as the University's first Rector (President). There are a total of 47 images (ranging from 5.5 x 4" to 8.5 x 6.25) in the album. The album was professionally bound and is in very good condition. Each leaf in the album is made up of heavy bond paper that appears to have held up well over the years. There are end pages at both the front and back of the album. There are two bookplates in the front of the album dedicating the album to Bishop Keane and a hand written index to all photographs secured to the inside of the back cover. The first 5 pages contain portraits of the hierarchy of the school administrative officers, after which there is a photograph of a campus building on one page with the following page containing 3-5 portraits of CUA Faculty Members. The images all appear to have been taken sometime before September of 1896. They are all black and white with the exception of the image of the Very Reverend Msgr. McMahon (image 3); which is most likely the result of detailed hand painting.

Bookplate 1 reads: "To the Most Rev. John J. Keane D.D. Archbishop of Damascus. From the Professors of the Catholic University. In grateful memory of their association with him in the foremost undertaking of the Church in America." There is another bookplate with the message in Latin: Bookplate: (Latin) IOANNI - IOSEPHO - KEANE - ARCHIEPO - DAMASCI, QUI - MULTIS - EXANTLATIS - LABORIBUS, MAGNUM - CATHOLICORUM - AMERICANORUM - LYCAEUM, A - FUNDAMENTIS - EREXIT, REDDITIBUS - INSTRUXIT - VIRTUTIBUS - ORNAUIT, DOCTORES - ET - ACADEMICI, AMICITIAE - PIGNUS - GRATI - ANIMI - SIGNUM.

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Arrangement

The John J. Keane Collection consists of 2 series:



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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

There are no access restrictions on materials in this collection.

Restrictions on Use

No image from this collection may be reproduced or published in any manner without the permission of the American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives or The Catholic University of America.

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Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The commemorative photograph album arrived with Columbia University assigned call number, library stamp, and check out card intact. The Loras College (formerly Columbia College) Library Staff does not know when the album was donated to the University. No information available about the donation of the subject files.

Album donated by the Loras College Library on January 2, 1997.

Processing Information

Collection processed and prepared for digitization by Patrick Cullom with additional processing conducted by P. Wes Bush. Finding aid and EAD markup completed in March 2006 by Patrick Cullom. Additions and emendations made by P. Wes Bush in August 2012.

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Related Material

Bishop John J. Keane CUA Photograph Album Digital Collection

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Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.


Persons:
Keane, John J. (John Joseph), 1839-1918

Organizations:
Catholic University of America--Buildings
Catholic University of America--Faculty

Places:
Dubuque (Iowa)
Washington (D.C.)

Subjects:
Americanism (Catholic controversy)


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Bibliography

Ahern, Patrick H. The Catholic University of America, 1887-1896; The Rectorship of John J. Keane. Washington, DC, Catholic University of America Press, 1948.

Ellis, John T. The Formative Years of the Catholic University of America. Washington, DC, Catholic University of America Press, 1946.

Nuesse, C. Joeseph. The Catholic University of America : a Centennial History. Washington, DC, Catholic University of America Press, 1990.

Shelley, Thomas J. "Keane, John Joseph (1839-1918)". The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History, edited by Michael Glazier and Thomas J. Shelley, 738-740. Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 1997.

Wangler, Thomas. "Emergence of John J. Keane as a Liberal Catholic and an Americanist (1878-1887)". American Ecclesiastical Review 166 (1972): 457-478.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

                       
Series 1: Subject Files, 1868-1918, n,d,, (2 boxes)
A small number of pamphlets and other published documents ranging in focus from Keane's involvement in the debate on education in America to his installation as the Archbishop of Dubuque, Iowa, to the proceedings of a synod held in New York comprise the first series. Of particular interest is a scrapbook of newspaper clippings and a number of folders containing more clippings dedicated to articles concerning or written by Keane dating from 1868-1897, the year following Keane's resignation. Finally, the first series has some of Keane's personal writings, including an unique chronicle of his years as the university's rector, and a small amount of correspondence.
Box Folder
1 1 Pamphlet: "Christian Education in America" a lecture by John J. Keane, Washington, DC: The Church News Publishing Co., 1892
  2 Rev. John J. Toomey and Rev. M. C. Sullivan, eds. "Souvenir of the Installation and the Investiture with Pallium of Most Rev. John J. Keane D.D. as Archbishop of Dubuque." Dubuque, IA: Press of Hardie, 1900
  3 Pamphlet: "The Two Sides of the School Question" debated by Cardinal Gibbons and Bishop Keane on the one hand, and Edwin D. Mead and Hon. John Jay on the other. (January-March, 1890) Boston: Committee of One Hundred Series, 1890
  4 Pamphlet: "Pastoral Letter of John Joseph Keane, Bishop of Richmond, to the Clergy and Laity of the Diocese, February 2, 1883." Richmond: Catholic Visitor Print, 1883
        Labeled as "From the Estate of Miss A. Margot, Aug. 1926"
  5 Photocopied Pamphlet: "The Providential Mission of Pius IX", no author, n.d.
  6 "A Discourse Delivered at the Requiem Mass for our Holy Father, Pope Pius IX" by Rev. John J. Keane, Feb. 18, 1878. Baltimore: John Murphy, 1878
  7 Address of John J. Keane to the members of the American Philosophical Society on "Philosophy's Place among the Sciences," reprinted Nov. 23, 1893 from the Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 32, 1893
  8 "Synodus Dioecesana Neo-Eboracensis quarta, quae antecedentium etiam complectitur constitutiones" (The fourth diocesan synod of New York, which also includes the constitutions of the preceding synods), held Nov. 8-9, 1882 by John Cardinal McKloskey, 1882
  9 Scrapbook with inscription "From the estate of Miss A. Margot" of newspaper clippings focused on or written by John J. Keane, 1868-1877, (1881). Also contains correspondence from 1879, 1879-1881
  10 Newspaper Clippings of articles involving Keane (Dated from the Margot Scrapbook), 1878-1888, n.d.
  11 Newspaper Clippings of the Resignation of Bishop Keane as Rector, ca. 1896-1897
  12 Newspaper Clippings of the foundation of The Catholic University and Bishop Keane's appointment as Archbishop of Dubuque, ca. 1887-88, 1896, 1918, n.d.
  13 Newspaper Clippings of Keane from Margot Scrapbook and Photograph from 1881(written on back "Yorktown Centennial, Bp. J. J. Keane the central figure", n.d.
Box Folder
2 1 Bound Manuscript of "Chronicles of the Catholic University of America from 1885" by John J. Keane, 1894-1896
  2 Photocopy of "Chronicles of the Catholic University of America from 1885" by John J. Keane, 1894-1896
  3 Register of Baptisms and Confirmations, 1890-1896
        Document in Latin
  4 Bound, Hand-Written Index of the American Catholic Hierarchy, Seminaries, and Collegiate Institutions, and Address Book, n.d.
  5 Manuscript Draft of the Public Statement of John J. Keane's Resignation from Rectorship, October, 1896
  6 Correspondence between Apostolic Delegate Satolli and the Dean of the Faculty of Law and the Dean of the Medical Faculty of Georgetown University concerning the annexation of their Departments to the Catholic University, 1894
  7 Last Will and Testament of John J. Keane , Dated from June 24th, 1892 with additions made May 21st, 1895
                       
Series 2: Commemorative Photograph Album, ca. 1896 (1 box)
The Second series is a commemorative album of photographs. It consists of 28 pages containing 47 photographs of the University administration, faculty, buildings, and grounds as they appeared ca. 1896. The album was compiled by the CUA faculty as a farewell gift to Bishop John J. Keane, when he stepped down as the University's first Rector (President).
Box Page
3 1 1. Most Reverend John J. Keane, Rector, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 8.5" x 6.25"
  2 2. Very Reverend Philip J. Carrigan, Vice Rector, ca. 1896
        View Image
  3 3. Very Reverend Msgr. McMahon, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Color, 8.5" x 6.25"
  4 4. North View of Caldwell Hall, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 8.5" x 6.25"
  5 Portraits of CUA Faculty, ca. 1896
   
    5. Very Reverend Msgr. Schroeder, Professor of Dogma, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    6. Very Reverend Thomas Bouquillon, Professor of Morals, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    7. Reverend Henry Hyvernat, Professor of Egyptology, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    8. Very Reverend L.M. Dumont, S.S., President of Divinity College, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    9. Reverend A.J. Buibert, S.S., Assistant to Rev. Dumont, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
Box Page
3 6 10. Public Lecture Room, Caldwell Hall, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 7" x 9.5"
  7 Portraits of CUA Faculty, ca. 1896
   
    11. Very Reverend E.A. Pace, Professor of Psychology, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    12. Professor W.C. Robinson, Professor of Law, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    13. Very Reverend C.P. Grannon, Professor of Scripture, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    14. Professor E.L. Greene, Professor of Botany, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    15. Reverend J.J. Shahan, Professor of Early Church History, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
Box Page
3 8 16. View of Campus; North Towards McMahon and Caldwell Halls, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 7" x 9.5"
  9 Portraits of CUA Faculty, ca. 1896
   
    17. Professor D.W. Shea, Professor of Physics, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    18. Honorable C.D. Wright, Professor of Economics, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    19. Reverend J.J. Griffin, Professor of Chemistry, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    20. Reverend G.M. Searle, Professor of Astronomy, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    21. Professor Maurice F. Egan, Professor of English Literature, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
Box Page
3 10 22. Divinity School Library, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 7" x 9.5"
  11 Portraits of CUA Faculty, ca. 1896
   
    23. Professor John A. Robinson, Professor of Law, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    24. Professor E.K. Cameron, Professor of Chemistry, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    25. Reverend E.J. Shanahan, Professor of Philosophy, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    26. Professor Rene de Saussure, Professor of Mathematics, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    27. Reverend F.L. Rooker, Professor of Ethics, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
Box Page
3 12 28. Caldwell Hall: Main Corridor, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 9" x 7"
  13 Portraits of CUA Faculty, ca. 1896
   
    29. Reverend S.J. Carr, Professor of Hebrew Studies, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    30. Professor A.F. Zahm, Professor of Physics, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    31. Professor C.P. Neill, Professor of Economics, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    32. Professor G.M. Bolling, Professor of Philology, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
Box Page
3 14 33. Exteroir View of Caldwell Hall / Caldwell Chapel, Looking Northwest, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 7" x 9.5"
  15 Portraits of CUA Faculty, ca. 1896
   
    34. Reverend Lucien Johnston, Professor of Modern Church History, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    35. Reverend Chas. F. Aiken, Professor of Apologetics, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
   
    36. Professor Edmund B. Briggs, Professor of Social Sciences, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 5.5" x 4"
Box Page
3 16 37. Office of the Rector, Caldwell Hall, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 7" x 5.9"
  17 38. Entrance to Caldwell Chapel, Caldwell Hall, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 9" x 7.5"
  18 39. View of Caldwell Hall, Looking West, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 9" x 7.5"
  19 40. Pope Leo XII Statue, McMahon Hall Lobby, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 9.5" x 6.5"
  20 41. Divinity School Chapel, Caldwell Hall, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 7.5" x 9.5"
  21 42. Exterior View of McMahon Hall, Looking Northeast, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 7.5" x 9.5"
  22 43. Exterior View of McMahon Hall, Looking Northwest, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 7.5" x 9.5"
  23 44. McMahon Hall Assembly Room, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 7.5" x 9.5"
  24 45. Paulist College, South of McMahon Hall
        View Image
        Black and White, 7.5" x 9.5"
  25 46. Albert Hall Dormitory, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 7.5" x 9.5"
  26 47. McMahon Hall Lobby, ca. 1896
        View Image
        Black and White, 7.5" x 9.5"

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Related Material

Index Terms

Bibliography

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Subject Files, 1868-1918, n,d,,

Series 2: Commemorative Photograph Album, ca. 1896

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