The Catholic University of America

Simon Alexander Baldus

An inventory of Simon Alexander Baldus Papers at The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives


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Mailing Address: The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. 20064

Telephone: 202-319-5065

Email: archives@mail.lib.cua.edu

URL: http://archives.lib.cua.edu/

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Descriptive Summary

Repository: The American Catholic Research Center and University Archives
Creator: Simon Alexander Baldus, 1872-1957
Title: Simon Alexander Baldus Papers
Dates: 1907-1956, n.d.
Extent: 1.5 linear foot; 3 boxes
Abstract: Born into a German speaking community in Cincinnati, Baldus worked as a reporter for a Cincinnati newspaper and wrote book reviews for the Catholic Telegraph. He organized a stock company to publish a Catholic home journal entitled Men and Women, 1902-1905. He was friends with Rev. Francis Clement Kelly and they were co-founders of the Catholic Church Extension Society in 1905. Baldus became managing editor of Extension magazine in 1907 and wrote the editorials after 1928. He retired in March 1951 and died in January 1957. The Papers include correspondence primarily related to Extension magazine and the Catholic Church Extension Society. There is also some printed material, such as pamphlets about efforts to achieve world peace, and a few photographs.
Collection Number: 16
Language: English

Biographical Note

Simon Alexander Baldus was born May 19, 1872 in Cincinnati, Ohio. He was raised in a German speaking community with English as his second language. He earned an A.B. degree from St. Xavier's College in Cincinnati in 1893. He worked as a reporter for a Cincinnati newspaper and wrote book reviews for the Catholic Telegraph, 1893-1895. He was in government service from 1895 to 1902. He organized a stock company to publish a Catholic home journal entitled Men and Women, 1902-1906, with Baldus as the editor.

Baldus was friends with Rev. Francis Clement Kelly. They met with others interested Catholics in Chicago in 1905 to found the Catholic Church Extension Society with the goal to do mission and charity work among Catholics in remote areas of North America. Baldus became managing editor of the society's Extension magazine in May 1907 and began writing the editorials in the Fall of 1928. He retired from Extension Magazine in March 1951.

Baldus was a member of the St. Xavier Alumni, Knight of Columbus, Catholic Order of Foresters, and the Catholic Knights of Ohio. In 1923 he wrote and published a book, The New Capitalism. In 1946 he was awarded the Cross Pro Ecclesia by Pope Pius XII. His wife of many years, Mary Margaret Deters, predeceased him in September 1956. He followed her shortly thereafter, in January 1957. Frank Hall, director of the National Catholic News Services stated that “Mr. Baldus was one of the greatest figures of the Catholic Press for more years than any other person.”

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Scope and Contents

The Simon A. Baldus Papers contain correspondence, printed material, and a few photographs. There are no records as to how Catholic University obtained these papers, nor what criteria was used, if any, for selection. The correspondence is primarily related to the Catholic Church Extension Society and its Extension Magazine, but there are many gaps with several years such as 1914-1915, 1918-1925, and much of the 1930s and 1940s almost completely missing. Overall, this has the appearance of being but a mere fragment of a much larger and more significant collection of Baldus material that may no longer be extant.

Series 1 is Correspondence, 1907-1949, in boxes 1-2. This is an apparently random selection of Baldus' editorial correspondence from his many years with Extension Magazine of the Catholic Church Extension Society. Topics include feedback from the readership as well as interactions with potential contributors of articles along with those whose articles were accepted for publication. There is a concentration of material dated 1911-1913 and 1916-1917 with only sporadic items for apparently random years, such as 1936 and 1941, thereafter to 1948. While there are files related to E.B. Ledvina, Vice President and General Secretary of the Extension Society there is very little with Baldus' friend and society founder Francis Clement Kelley. There are also some very brief exchanges with notable churchmen such as Bishop Peter Muldoon of Rockford, Illinois, and Father John Burke, the founder of the National Catholic War Council. The correspondence gathered here is probably more notable for the diversity of the correspondents themselves, lay and religious, men and women, from varied locations in North America, including Canada, New York, Kentucky, California, Texas, and Illinois. Among the people corresponding are New Jersey publisher John Bright Kennedy, Ohio Attorney General Timothy Hogan, actress Irene West, and a young woman named Edna Ellen Mullen of Sistersville, West Virginia. Miss Mullen wrote Baldus to give account of her battles with local Socialists. She included a photo of herself, which was transferred to the photo series.

Series 2 is Publications and Printed Material, 1914(1928-1956)n.d., in box 3. Except for a few miscellaneous items most of this material is focused on world peace meeting and efforts, with some Catholic involvement, primarily from the interwar period of 1928-1939. There is also a copy of his 1923 book The New Capitalism.

Series 3 is Photographs, 1912-1913, in Box 3. There are in fact only two photographs, and both of these were pulled from the first series with a duplicate photocopy left in its place.

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Arrangement

The Simon A. Baldus Papers consists of three series:




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Restrictions on Access

None

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Acquisition Information

Donor name and date for the majority of the collection unknown, but probably in the late 1950s or early 1960s. The material appears to be but a portion of a larger group of files who potential existence is currently unknown. In 2004, a copy of Baldus' book The New Capitalism was donated by Patricia Davis.

 

Processing and EAD markup completed in March 2011 by William John Shepherd.

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John Brophy Papers

National Catholic War Council Records

Arthur Preuss Papers

John A. Ryan Papers

USCCB Executive Department/Office of the General Secretary Records

USCCB National Catholic News Service Records

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Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.


Persons:
Hogan, Timothy S.
Kennedy, John Bright
Ledvina, E. B.
Mullen, Edna Ellen
West, Irene

Organizations:
Catholic Church Extension Society
National Catholic News Service
United States House of Representatives
United States Senate

Places:
Chicago, Illinois
Cincinnati, Ohio
Louisville, Kentucky
New York, New York
Sistersville, West Virginia
Washington, D.C.

Subjects:
Charity
Mission Work
Rural Life

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Bibliography

 

Baldus, Simon A. 'Seventeen Years of the “C.P.A.", N.C.W.C. Bulletin, May 1928, p. 7-8. 

Baldus, Simon A. The New Capitalism. Chicago: O'Donell Press, 1923. 

Curtis, Georgina Pell. The American Catholic Who's Who. St. Louis: Herder, 1911, pp. 19-20. 

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Detailed Description of the Collection

                       
Series 1: Correspondence, 1907-1948 (2 Boxes)
Alphabetical Correspondence
Box Folder
1 1 A, 1912-1913, 1916, 1931
  2 B, 1911-1940
  3 Bowen, Mrs. James - Chicago, Illinois, 1911
  4 Bugg, Leila J. - Wichita, Kansas, 1912
  5 Burke, Rev. John J. - Catholic World, New York, New York, 1913
  1 item
  6 C, 1911-1948
  7 Callahan, Patrick Henry, 1927
  2 items
  8 Caruana, George - Brooklyn, New York, 1913
  9 D, 1912-1936, n.d.
  10 Dirksen, Everett, Congressman (Illinois), 1941
  11 E-F, 1912-1935
  12 Foss, George, Congressman (Illinois), 1912-1913, 1917
  13 G-H, 1912-1917, 1936
  14 Gallagher, John - Seattle, Washington, 1941
  15 Hogan, Timothy S., Attorney General, Ohio, 1911-1912
  16 Holliday, W. T., President of Standard Oil, 1948
  17 Homan, J. A. - Cincinnati, Ohio, 1916
  18 I-J, 1912, 1929, 1936
  19 K-L, 1912-1917, 1936-1943
  20 Kelley, B.J., Bishop of Savannah, Georgia, 1917
  21 Kelley, Francis Clement, 1913, 1917
  2 items
  22 Kennedy, John Bright, Columbiad Publishing Company, Hoboken, New Jersey, 1916-1917, n.d.
  23 La Follette, Robert M., Senator (Wisconsin), 1912
  Replies from his secretaries
  24 Ledvina, E.B., Vice President and General Secretary, The Catholic Church Extension Society, 1912-1916
  25 Ledvina, E.B., Vice President and General Secretary, The Catholic Church Extension Society, 1917
  26 Leo, Brother, St. Mary's College, Oakland, California, 1910-1913
  27 Lewis, J. Hamilton, Senator (Illinois), 1913, 1917
Box Folder
2 1 M, 1911-1917, 1936-1941
  2 MacManus, Seamus - New York, New York, 1911-1917
  3 Mannix, Mary E. - San Diego, California, 1911-1912
  4 McDermott, Blanche Miller - Louisville, Kentucky, 1911-1912
  5 McGill, Anna Blanche - Louisville, Kentucky, 1911-1912
  6 McIntyre, W. P., O.P. - Somerset, Ohio, 1911-1912
  7 Moriarty, Helen - Chicago, Illinois, 1916-1917
  8 Muldoon, Peter J., Bishop of Rockford, Illinois, 1913
  2 items
  9 Murphy, Patrick J. - Dallas, Texas, 1912
  10 N-P, 1911-1913, 1936 1941
  11 National Catholic News Service, 1941
  12 O'Malley, Edith - Chicago, Illinois, 1907, 1911-1913
  13 Phillips, Charles - San Francisco, California, ca. 1911-1913
  14 Q-R, ca. 1917, 1934
  15 S, 1911-1913, 1936, 1941
  16 Sadlier, Anna T. - Ottawa, Canada, 1911-1912
  17 Scanlan, Patrick - Brooklyn, New York, 1936, 1941
  18 Schmidt, Adam - Cincinnati, Ohio, 1913
  19 Schrembs, Joseph, Bishop of Toledo, Ohio, 1913
  20 Shipman, Andrew - New York, New York, 1913
  21 Short Wave Institute of America, Washington, D.C., 1936
  22 Shuster, George - Chicago, Illinois, 1917
  23 Smith, John Talbot, 1913
  24 Stanislaus, Sister M. - Joliet, Illinois, 1911
  25 Storer, Maria Longworth, 1911, 1917
  26 Synon, Mary, 1917, 1928
  27 T-U-V, 1913, 1916-1917, 1928, 1940
  28 W-Z, 1911-1912, 1916
  29 Wainwright, Maria - Chicago, Illinois, 1911, 1913
  30 Walsh, James J. - New York, New York, 1909-1916
  31 West, Irene, 1916
  32 Whalen, William W., 1911, 1913, 1917
                       
Series 2: Publications and Printed Material, 1914(1928-1956)n.d. (1 Box)
Material mostly related to world peace, but some miscellaneous items as well as a copy of The New Capitalism book.
Box Folder
3 1 Article: Baldus, Simon, 'Is There an Alarming Shortage of Cattle?,' 1914
  2 Program and Announcement: Catholic Association for International Peace (CAIP), Peace Conference, Detroit, Michigan, 1935
  3 Booklet: Catholic Church Extension Society, Colonization Plan, n.d.
  4 Booklet: 'The Church Peace Union Report of the General Secretary and Treasurer,' 1930
  5 Order form: Kilmer, Joyce. 'The Circus and Other Essays,' n.d.
  6 Book: Leipzig, Francis, Bishop of Baker. 'Extension in Oregon,' 1956
  7 Bill, Remarks: Congressman William Lemke, North Dakota, 1934-1935
  8 Booklet: 'Preliminary Meeting of the Universal Peace Conference, Geneva, Switzerland, September 1928,'
  9 Booklet: 'Story of the International Goodwill Congress, Chicago, Illinois, November 1931,'
  10 Booklet: 'Records of the Continuation Committee of the World Conference on Faith and Order, Prague, Czecho-Slovakia September 6-8, 1928,'
  11 Press Releases: World Peace Organizations, 1928-1935
  12 Book: Baldus, S.A., The New Capitalism. Chicago: O'Donnell Press, 1923
  Inscribed to James Gavin, August 2, 1949
  13 Miscellaneous Printed Material, n.d.
                       
Series 3: Photographs, 1912-1913 (1 Box)
Photographs pulled from the first series
Box Folder
3 1 Portrait of Edna Ellen Mullen, Sistersville, West Virginia, 1913
  2 Two Postcard photographs sent by Patrick J. Murphy of an Extension Church and Congregation from Texas, 1912

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Related Material

Index Terms

Bibliography

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Correspondence, 1907-1948

Series 2: Publications and Printed Material, 1914(1928-1956)n.d.

Series 3: Photographs, 1912-1913

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