An inventory of the Thomas J. Bouquillon Papers at The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives
Rev. Thomas Bouquillon was born at Warenton, Belgium on May 16, 1842. He studied philosophy and theology at Roulers and Bruges. In 1865 he was ordained in Rome. Two years later, Bouquillon received his doctorate in Theology from the Gregorian University. In that same year he was appointed Professor of Moral Theology in the Seminary of Bruges. Bouquillon was appointed to the Catholic University of Lille, France in 1877 and remained there for the next decade. He came to The Catholic University of America as one of the original faculty members. From 1889 until his death in 1902, he served as Professor of Moral Theology. During his academic career, Bouquillon published nearly fifty articles and pamphlets. Among his publications are: Theologia Moralis Fundamentalis, De Virtutibus Theologicis, and De Virtute Religionis (2 volumes). He had completed but not published the following: De Justitia et Jure, De Eucharistia, and De Poenitentia. In addition he edited the De Magnitudine Ecclesiae Romanae of Thomas Stapleton.
The collection has been arranged into five series. The first, consisting of biographical information, has copies of a 'In Memoriam' offprint from the January 1903 edition of The Catholic University Bulletin and copies of the 1902 death notice issued by Catholic University rector Thomas J. Conaty.
The second series consists of general correspondence, dated 1864-1904, with some undated material. The majority of it is written in French with those in English concentrated in the later years.
The third series are two bound volumes and one folder of miscellaneous lectures and notes, with some material dated 1878-1879, 1892 and the rest undated, mainly in French or Latin with newspaper clippings, miscellaneous correspondence, and additional notes inserted throughout the volumes.
The fourth series is made up of three bound volumes of newspaper clippings, dated 1892-1900, related to the question of Catholic education in the United States, the State and Catholic Education, Individual rights to Educate, To Whom does Education belong?
The fifth and last series consists of miscellaneous publications, dated 1892-1904.
The Thomas J. Bouquillon Papers consists of five series:
Restrictions on Access
There are no access restrictions.
This is a collection of unknown provenance probably gathered together by Catholic University library and/or archives staff in the 1950s. Though small and largely miscellaneous, this collection is, nevertheless, an important gathering of material from and about a notable Catholic social thinker and early faculty member of The Catholic University of America.
Processing completed in 2000 by Amy Agnew and November 2005 by William J. Shepherd. EAD markup completed in November 2005 by Leslie Knoblauch and William J. Shepherd. Collection digitized under direction of Paul Kelly in 2016. Digital archival object links added to finding aid in 2016 by Paul Kelly.
The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives:
Charles Francis Aiken Papers
The Catholic University Rare Books and Special Collections Department:
Controversia de Potestate Docendi (n.d.)
De Eucharistia (n.d.)
Education: to Whom Does it Belong? (1891)
Education : to Whom Does It Belong? : a Rejoinder to the Civilta Cattolica (1892)
Education : to Whom Does It Belong? With a Rejoinder to Critics (1892)
Tractatus de Virtute Religionis (1880)
Tractatus de virtutibus theologicis (1878)
A Collection of Miscellaneous Pamphlets and Reprints (n.d.)
This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Bouquillon, Thomas, 1842-1902
Catholic University of America
Curran, Charles E. "Thomas Bouquillon (1842-1902)," The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History. Michael Glazier and Thomas J. Shelley eds., Collegeville, Minnesota: The Liturgical Press, 1997, 160-161.
Gilbert, John R. "Archbishop Ireland and Thomas Bouquillon: The State's Right to Educate," Catholic Educational Review, 66:9 (1968): 566-591.
Lacker, Joseph H. "Bishop Ignatius Horstmann and the School Controversy of the 1890's," Catholic Historical Review, 75: 1 (1989): 73-90.
Nuesse, C. Joseph. "Before Rerum Novarum: A Moral theologian's View of Catholic Social Movements in 1891," Social Thought, 17:2 (1991): 5-17.
Nuesse, C. Joseph. "Thomas Joseph Bouquillon (1840-1902), Moral Theologian and Precursor of the Social Sciences in The Catholic University of America," Catholic Historical Review, 72: 4 (1986): 601-619.
Ryan, E.G. "Bouquillon Controversy," New Catholic Encyclopedia, Second Edition. New York: Gale, (2003): 564-565.
Whalen, John P. "Thomas Joseph Bouquillon," New Catholic Encyclopedia, Second Edition. New York: Gale, (2003): 563-564.
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