The Catholic University of America

Patrick Henry Callahan

An inventory of The Patrick Henry Callahan Papers at The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives


Contact Information:

Mailing Address: The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. 20064

Telephone: 202-319-5065

Email: archives@mail.lib.cua.edu

URL: http://archives.lib.cua.edu/

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Descriptive Summary

Repository: The Catholic University of America, The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives
Creator: Patrick Henry Callahan, 1866-1940
Title: The Patrick Henry Callahan Papers
Dates: 1910-1940
Extent: 2 linear feet; 4 boxes
Abstract: The Patrick Henry Callahan Papers consist of correspondence, newspaper clippings, pamphlets and miscellaneous publications.
Collection Number: ACUA 019
Language: English

Biographical Note

Patrick Henry Callahan, profound Catholic, staunch Prohibitionist and co-creator of the Ryan-Callahan Partnership Plan, was born in October 1866 in Cleveland, Ohio to John Cormic and Mary Anna (Connolly) Callahan. After an education in Cleveland parochial schools and at the Spencerian Business College in Cleveland, Callahan had a short-lived career as a baseball player for the Chicago White Stockings. Under advice from evangelist William "Billy" Sunday, Callahan left the team to become a salesman at the Glidden Varnish Company in Cleveland. The varnish business became his career. Soon after his marriage to Julia Laure Cahill on January 20, 1891, the couple moved to Louisville, Kentucky. Callahan managed the Louisville Varnish Company and eventually became its president in 1908.

Just four short years later, Patrick Callahan and John A. Ryan of the Catholic University of America produced a profit sharing plan that was implemented in Callahan's plant. Callahan was very active in industry and labor during these years, organizing the Catholic Conference on Industrial Problems, participating in industry and labor conferences and speaking out against child labor. The success of the Ryan-Callahan Plan became widely known and Callahan soon implemented other labor-friendly measures such as a fund for employees to purchase homes, group insurance and so on. The friendship between Ryan and Callahan continued for many years. Though the two clashed over Prohibition measures, they worked together on progressive labor plans.

During World War I, Patrick Callahan became co-organizer of the National Catholic War Council and chairman of the Knights of Columbus Committee on Religious Prejudice. Callahan grew into a strong opponent of religious prejudice through the years, and the topic surfaces repeatedly in his correspondence. During the war, Callahan also was appointed the chairman of the Knights of Columbus Committee on War Activities and was put in charge of organizing the Knights of Columbus Training Camp. Woodrow Wilson offered him a position on the Federal Tariff Commission, but because of his busy schedule with the Knights of Columbus, Callahan had to refuse. His interest in these affairs and his point of view led him to establish a close relationship with William Jennings Bryan that continued until the latter's death in 1925.

About the same time as his Knights of Columbus war work, Callahan began to mimeograph and mass-mail parts of his personal correspondence to interested parties. The circulation was called the "Callahan Correspondence" and was sent to his employees as well as to newspaper editors, friends, acquaintances and Catholics from around the country. Awarded the honorary title of "Colonel" by Kentucky Governor James B. McCreary, Callahan used his correspondence to comment on national affairs regarding Catholics and prohibitionists. From his association with and support for William Jennings Bryan, to his adamant opposition to the Democratic nomination of New York governor Alfred E. Smith for President, to his fierce backing of Prohibition, Callahan publicized his opinions and thoughts and became nationally known for them.

A strong supporter of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Callahan worked hard to get him elected. "Colonel" Callahan became a key liaison between the FDR administration and both Catholics and businessmen. His opposition to Father Charles Coughlin, the "Radio Priest," and his backing of Ambassador Josephus Daniels in Mexico brought Callahan much criticism from fellow Catholics, but many thanks from FDR's White House. In return, Callahan, publicly endorsed many of FDR's programs like the New Deal, offering support for its policies and legislation. Though nominated for national posts in the Public Works Administration and on labor administration panels, Callahan preferred to work locally, instead becoming a member of the Advisory Committee of the Loan Agency for the Louisville office of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation and of the National Labor Relations Board for Kentucky.

After twenty-five years of the "Callahan Correspondence" and countless years of public service, "Colonel" Patrick Henry Callahan died on February 4, 1940. To the end he was a devoted Catholic, staunch prohibitionist and a true advocate against prejudice and for labor.

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Scope and Contents

The Patrick Henry Callahan Papers consist of correspondence, newspaper clippings, pamphlets and miscellaneous publications.

The series "Correspondence" contains both mimeographed copies of the "Callahan Correspondence" and personal handwritten correspondence. Organized chronologically by date, the series ranges in years from 1922 to 1940. The correspondence includes letters sent to and received from various newspaper editors, judges, statesmen, priests and other figures who played a part in the topics of interest to Callahan. The subject matter runs the gamut from politics, labor and anti-Catholic sentiment to Prohibition, the possible nomination of New York governor Alfred Smith as the Democratic candidate in 1928 and the New Deal. Additionally, Callahan addresses topics such as William Jennings Bryan and the Scopes Trial, the Ryan-Callahan Plan for Profit Sharing, Catholics in Mexico and the organization of the varnish trade. At times, this correspondence was accompanied by newspaper clippings or excerpts from speeches. Undated correspondence is alphabetized at the end of the series. Undated correspondence that was contained within a dated folder is alphabetized and placed at the end of that time period.

The series "Clippings" is a collection of newspaper clippings that pertain to the topics of discussion within Callahan's letters. Mainly consisting of articles written about Prohibition, labor concerns or anti-Catholicism, the series includes a number of published editorials written by Callahan to various newspaper editors. The articles are arranged chronologically by date and cover the years between 1910 and 1940.

"Publications" as a series holds published booklets from assorted groups on the subjects of Prohibition, child labor, labor and industry and inter-religious goodwill. The booklets are arranged chronologically by release date and range from 1911 to 1935.

The "Miscellaneous" series contains odds and ends from the Callahan papers. From a piece of music written for and about Patrick Callahan after his death, to a leather-bound booklet of the Knights of Columbus Committee on Religious Prejudice, the series includes articles from Callahan's life. The items are arranged in approximate chronological order.

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Arrangement

The Patrick Henry Callahan Papers consists of four series:





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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

There are no access restrictions.

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Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The Callahan Papers came to the Catholic University of America in two accessions. The first in May of 1952 was the result of an inquiry from Father James Higgins of the Redemptorist Fathers of Oconomowoc, Wisconsin, to donate materials. Father Higgins donated two boxes of Callahan's papers, dated 1927-1935, and also contacted Callahan's family to prompt them to do the same. In December of 1952, Father Augustus Zeller of the same Redemptorist Fathers sent on another carton of manuscript papers that had since been sent to him by Callahan's daughter, Edith. There is no note as to whether further materials were donated after this point.

Processing Information

Sometime after these donations were made, the materials were processed and a finding aid written. Upon investigating this collection in May 2001, however, additional processing appeared to have been done after the original finding aid was written; approximately two-thirds of the dated correspondence was intermingled with undated materials and left in what appeared to be original order. To reduce confusion, chronological order was used to arrange all correspondence within the collection.

Processing completed in 1979 by Sister Anne Marie Crowley with revisions completed in May 2001 by Rebecca Hurley. Data entry completed by Rebecca Hurley. EAD markup completed in February 2006 by Cathey Dugan and Jordan Patty.

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Related Material

The American Catholic Research Center and University Archives:

Simon Alexander Baldus Papers

National Catholic War Council

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), Office of the General Secretary Records

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), Social Action Department Records

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Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.


Persons:
Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948
Ryan, John Augustine, 1869-1945

Organizations:
American Federation of Labor
World Alliance for International Friendship

Subjects:
Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925
Catholic Church Mexico
Fire, Louisville Varnish Plant - 1937
Flood, Kentucky - 1937
Great Commoner, The
Living Wage movement United States
New Deal, 1933-1939
Prohibition
Religious Liberty
Scopes, John Thomas Trials, litigation, etc.
Smith, Alfred Emanuel, 1873-1944


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Bibliography

Bartman, R.J. "Patrick Henry Callahan," New Catholic Encyclopedia 3, (1967): 1077.

Broderick, Francis L. Right Reverend New Dealer: John A. Ryan. Macmillan Company: NY, 1963.

Ellis, William E. "Catholicism and the Southern Ethos: The Role of Patrick Henry Callahan," Catholic Historical Review 69, (1983): 41-50.

Ellis, William. "Patrick Henry Callahan: A Kentucky Democrat in National Politics".

Green, Joseph. Patrick Henry Callahan (1866-1940): The Social Rule of an American Catholic Lay Leader. CUA PhD Dissertation, 1963.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

                       
Series 1: Correspondence, 1922-1940 (3 boxes)
Consists of mimeographed "Callahan Correspondence" (ca.1922-1940) as well as personal correspondence, on the topics of Prohibition, labor and industry, anti-Catholicism, the Ryan-Callahan Partnership Plan, and more. Letters are written to and from John A. Ryan of Catholic University, Josephus Daniels, John Raskob, Chief Justice Nunn, Daniel Bride and various newspaper editors.
Box Folder
1 1 Correspondence, Nov 15, 1922- June 3, 1927
        Names: Coyle, John C., Rev. John Curran, Senator Glass of VA., Powell, E.L. Subjects: Powell Testimonial Dinner, Dayton Trial
  2 Correspondence, June 24, 1927-Oct. 27, 1927
        Names: McCarthy, Bride, Daniel, P. Durbin, Lape, Esther Subjects: Dayton Trial, Philippines Independence, Tammany Hall, Gov. Smith
  3 Correspondence, Nov. 4, 1927- July 31, 1928
        Names: Judge Baker, O'Sullivan, Father Fenlon, J. Daniels, Raskob, Hapgood Subjects: Nomination of Al Smith, Peace Meeting
  4 Correspondence, ca. 1923-1927
  5 Correspondence, July 31, 1928-Nov. 8, 1928
        Names: McAdoo, DuPont, Ryan Subjects: Association of Catholics Favoring Prohibition, K.C. Oath, Religious Liberty
  6 Correspondence, Nov. 24, 1928- Dec. 30, 1928
        Names: Chief Justice Nunn, Sullivan Subjects: World Alliance Meeting, Smith v. Bryan campaign, "The Great Commoner"
  7 Correspondence, ca. 1928
  8 Correspondence, Jan. 1, 1929- April 29, 1929
        Names: Nunn, Ryan, McCarthy, Bride Subjects: W.Wilson Birthday dinner, Ryan-Callahan Partnership
  9 Correspondence, May 6, 1929-Sept. 25, 1929
        Names: Walsh, Spalding, Lynch, Desmond Subjects: Prohibition, Scopes Trial, Mussolini
  10 Correspondence, Oct. 1, 1929-Dec. 19, 1929
        Names: Desmond, TJ McDonald Subjects: Smith v. Bryan, Bryan Monument, Bryan Treaties
  11 Correspondence, ca. 1929
  12 Correspondence, Jan. 2, 1930-Feb. 19, 1930
        Names: Spalding, TJ McDonald, O'Connor, Gannon Subjects: Prohibition, the Living Wage
  13 Correspondence, Feb. 21, 1930-May 6, 1930
        Names: Ryan, Baker, Owen, Nations Subjects: Prohibition, Industry
  14 Correspondence, May 7, 1930-May 15, 1930
        Names: Warren, Nicholson, Davis Subjects: Prohibition, Unemployment, Industry, Profit-Sharing
  15 Correspondence, May 15, 1930-May 31, 1930
        Names: Bryan, McDonald, Premier Bavin Subjects: Prohibition, Joe Longton, Industry
  16 Correspondence, June 1, 1930-June 21, 1930
        Conkling, Baker, Godwin, Lockhart Prohibition, Religious Education Assoc., Central Prohibition Committee.
  17 Correspondence, July 9, 1930-Sept. 9, 1930
        Mencken, Gannon, McCarthy, Kathleen Norris Suspension of Liquor laws, Bryan's Tomb, Glasgow Brawl, Spanish-American War and Bryan
  18 Correspondence, Sept. 10, 1930-Dec. 25, 1930
        McCarthy, Norris, Donovan, Fenlon Prohibition, Human Relations Seminar, Ryan-Callahan Partnership
  19 Correspondence, ca. 1930
  20 Correspondence, Jan. 2, 1931-Jan. 19, 1931
        McCarthy Harvard Seminar, Catholic Action, Temperance movement, ND fire
  21 Correspondence, Jan. 19, 1931-Feb. 20, 1931
        Ryan, McCarthy, Gannon, Senator Nye, Curran, Scanlon, Bull Better Business Bureau, Prohibition
  22 Correspondence, Feb. 20, 1931-Apr. 27, 1931
        Smith, Bride, Jouett Prohibition, American Peace Society, Interstate Commerce Commission, WJ Bryan
  23 Correspondence, May 1, 1931-Nov. 16, 1931
        Garfield, Baker, Nations, Scanlon, Norris, Coughlin KoC Clubhouse, Death of D. McCarthy, Louisville War Memorial Auditorium, Prohibition
  24 Correspondence, Nov. 16, 1931-Dec. 31, 1931
        Coughlin, Scanlon, Raskob, Jouett Prohibition, National Democratic Party, Gualalupe Fiesta, Railroad welfare, Depression
  25 Correspondence, ca. 1931
  26 Correspondence, Jan. 4, 1932-Mar. 2, 1932
        Buckhaven, Wallace, Gannon, J. McCarthy, Prohibition, Alcohol, World Peace
  27 Correspondence, Mar. 18, 1932-May 11, 1932
        Bevan, Daniels, Scanlon Prohibition, Catholicism, Chicago Convention, Bryan Statue
  28 Correspondence, May 13, 1932-May 31, 1932
        McFadden, Powers, Rothwell Prohibition, Bribery
Box Folder
2 1 Correspondence, June 2, 1932-June 18, 1932
        Ross, Woods, Powers, Baker, McAdoo Prohibition, World Alliance, Bryan Statue
  2 Correspondence, June 20, 1932-July 6, 1932
        Prohibition, National Catholic welfare Commission, Alcoholism
  3 Correspondence, July 7, 1932-Dec. 28, 1932
        Bryan Memorial, Prohibition, Catholicism, Roosevelt
  4 Correspondence, May 15, 1933-Nov. 2, 1933
        Daniels, Lynch, Nations, Ryan Prohibition, Anti-Catholicism, Municipal Ownership of public utilities
  5 Correspondence, Nov. 27, 1933-July 9, 1934
        J. Ryan, Scanlon Bryan Memorial, Catholicism, interfaith
  6 Correspondence, Aug. 21, 1934-Dec. 18, 1934
        Social welfare, Partnership plan, New Deal, Will Rogers
  7 Correspondence, Dec. 20, 1934-Dec. 30, 1934
        Daniels, Scanlon Catholic minority, Mexican Catholics, Prohibition
  8 Correspondence, Jan. 2, 1935-Mar. 2, 1935
        Catholics in Mexico, Removal of Daniels, railroad strikes
  9 Correspondence, Mar. 14, 1935-April 29, 1935
        New Deal, Daniels and Mexico, Partnership Plan
  10 Correspondence, April 30, 1935-June 17, 1935
        Roper address to American Trade Assoc., Repeal of Prohibition
  11 Correspondence, June 21, 1935-Aug. 26, 1935
        Daniels and Mexico, Prohibition
  12 Correspondence, Sept. 3, 1935-Oct. 24, 1935
  13 Correspondence, Oct. 25, 1935-Dec. 25, 1935
        Social Security Act, Government Ownership of Railroads
  14 Correspondence, ca. 1933-1935
  15 Correspondence, June 17, 1936-Dec. 15, 1936
  16 Correspondence, Dec. 18, 1936-Oct. 19, 1937
        Plant burns, Labor strikes
  17 Correspondence, Oct. 20, 1937-Dec. 15, 1937
        KoC, Sit-down strikes
  18 Correspondence, Jan. 1, 1938-Nov. 30, 1938
        Daniels' thanksgiving address
  19 Correspondence, Jan. 17, 1939-May 19, 1939
        anti-Semitism
  20 Correspondence, May 25, 1939-Sept. 13, 1939
        Ryan's 70th birthday, 25th anniversary of Callahan's Corr.
  21 Correspondence, Sept. 26, 1939-Dec. 30, 1939
  22 Correspondence, Jan. 4, 1940-Feb. 8, 1940
  23 Correspondence, ca. 1936-1940 (1)
  24 Correspondence, ca. 1936-1940 (2)
  25 Correspondence, ca. 1936-1940 (3)
  26 Correspondence, ca. 1936-1940 (4)
Box Folder
3 1 Correspondence (A-CAL), n.d.
  2 Correspondence (CAR-CRO), n.d.
  3 Correspondence (D-L), n.d.
  4 Correspondence (M-ROB), n.d.
  5 Correspondence (ROP-STE), n.d.
  6 Correspondence (ST0-W), n.d.
                       
Series 2: Clippings, 1910-1940 (8 folders)
Newspaper clippings (ca. 1910-1940) on topics of interest to Callahan including Prohibition, labor, anti-Catholicism and more.
Box Folder
3 7 Clippings, ca. 1910-1929
  8 Clippings, ca. 1930
  9 Clippings, ca. 1931-1932
  10 Clippings, ca. March 1935-Sept. 1935
  11 Clippings, ca. Oct. 1935-Dec. 1935
  12 Clippings, ca. 1936
  13 Clippings, ca. 1937-1939
  14 Clippings, ca. 1940
                       
Series 3: Publications, 1911-1935 (3 folders)
Published booklets (ca. 1911-1935) from various groups written on main subjects of interest to Callahan.
Box Folder
4 1 Publications, ca. 1911-1930
  2 Publications, ca. 1931-1934
  3 Publications, ca. 1935
                       
Series 4: Miscellaneous, ca. 1917-1939 (1 folder)
Random articles of the Callahan papers including a piece of music written for and about him and a leather booklet from the Knights of Columbus Committee on Religious Prejudice.
Box Folder
4 4 Miscellaneous, ca. 1917-1939

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Related Material

Index Terms

Bibliography

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Correspondence, 1922-1940

Series 2: Clippings, 1910-1940

Series 3: Publications, 1911-1935

Series 4: Miscellaneous, ca. 1917-1939

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