The Catholic University of America

Karl F. Herzfeld

An inventory of the Karl F. Herzfeld Papers at The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives


Contact Information:

Mailing Address: The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. 20064

Telephone: 202-319-5065

Email: archives@mail.lib.cua.edu

URL: http://archives.lib.cua.edu/

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Descriptive Summary

Repository: The Catholic University of America, The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives
Creator: Karl F. Herzfeld, 1892-1978
Title: The Karl F. Herzfeld Papers
Dates: 1886(1948-1967)1974
Extent: 1.3 linear feet; 3 boxes
Abstract: The Karl F. Herzfeld Papers span from 1886, the date of the first photograph, to 1974, the date of the final additions to the autobiography and family history manuscript. The majority of the materials, however, fall within the ranges of 1948-1967. The papers include correspondence, reports, publications, maps, photographs, news clippings, and two manuscripts written by Herzfeld.
Collection Number: ACUA 055
Language: English

Biographical Note

Dr. Karl Ferdinand Herzfeld, 1892 - 1978, was a noted physicist, author, educator, and humanitarian. Born in Vienna, Austria, on February 24, 1892, he received his primary education from the Benedictines. He continued his education at the Universities of Vienna (Ph.D. 1914), Zurich, and Göttingen. During the First World War, Dr. Herzfeld served as a First Lieutenant of Artillery for the Austrian Army, and saw combat on the Italian and Russian fronts. After the war he returned to his academic career, taking the position of Privatdozent (loosely translated as junior faculty) and Assistant Professor at the University of Munich 1920-1926. In 1926, he accepted appointment as Professor of Physics at the Johns Hopkins University. He remained in that position until 1936, when he accepted appointment as Professor of Physics and Head of the Department at The Catholic University of America. While at Catholic University, Herzfeld met his future wife, then Regina Flannery, who was studying anthropology under the esteemed John Montgomery Cooper (Dr. Regina Flannery Herzfeld would go on to her own distinguished career as an anthropologist). After a brief courtship, the two were married by Msgr. Cooper on June 9, 1938. Upon the outbreak of the Second World War, Dr. Herzfeld served as a consultant to the Naval Ordnance Laboratory to improve artillery shells. He continued his service to the Navy after the war by creating and chairing the Mine Advisory Committee, which studied the scientific issues of mine warfare for the Chief of Naval Research. In 1959 Dr. Herzfeld was named the area editor of physical sciences and mathematics for The New Catholic Encyclopedia.

He relinquished his chairmanship of the Department of Physics at Catholic University in 1961, and he retired from teaching in 1968. Dr. Herzfeld was named Professor Emeritus the following year, and remained active as a scholar and teacher. During his long career, he attained international recognition for significant contributions to the knowledge of physics and physical chemistry. Through his numerous books and scholarly journals, his outstanding work advanced the fields of ultrasonics, liquids and gases, chemical kinetics, and interior ballistics.

The professional and academic community recognized Dr. Herzfeld's achievements with numerous awards. These include the Mendel Medal of Villanova University (1931), the Sechi Medal of Georgetown University (1938), and the Cardinal Gibbons Medal of the Catholic University (1960). He was also awarded a certificate of exceptional service by the Secretary of War and the Navy for his wartime service. In 1960 he was inducted into the National Academy of Sciences. Finally, on the occasion of his 80th birthday, Catholic University struck a medal in his name to be awarded for outstanding contributions in the field of science. Dr. Herzfeld died following a stroke on Sunday, June 4, 1978 at the age of 86.

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Scope and Contents

The Karl F. Herzfeld Papers span from 1886, the date of the first photograph, to 1974, the date of the final additions to the autobiography and family history manuscript. The majority of the materials, however, fall within the ranges of 1948-1967. The papers include correspondence, reports, publications, maps, photographs, news clippings, and two manuscripts written by Herzfeld. These items are arranged in six series: Mine Advisory Committee, New Catholic Encyclopedia, Promotion Committee, Publications, Manuscripts, and Photographs.

Series 1, the Mine Advisory Committee materials include correspondence with committee members and naval personnel, contracts for consultants, reports, and financial statements. The majority of the documents within this series deal with administrative functions: coordinating with committee members for meeting dates, contractual arrangements for the committee and consultants, and budget statements. Also included is the unclassified final report, which contains a brief sketch of the activities of the committee.

Series 2, the New Catholic Encyclopedia records contain a substantial amount of information regarding the planning and layout of the scientific entries used in various editions of the New Catholic Encyclopedia. This includes guidelines, layouts, decisions on disciplines, and word count budgets. Additionally, there is correspondence with prospective contributors to the publication.

Series 3, the Promotion Committee materials are closed to researchers, due to the sensitive nature of the records this series contains. The committee was charged with presenting recommendations for promotions for faculty members to the CUA Academic Senate. Documents within this series include guidelines for consideration, meeting notes, correspondence with members, and notes on those considered for promotion.

Series 4, the Publication series contains copies/drafts of Dr. Herzfeld's professional writings on topics including; physics studies, ethical considerations in science, and the impact of theology on a scientist. There is also an article and interview with Herzfeld from The Tower, the student newspaper of Catholic University. These pieces, dated March 3, 1972, were written to document the creation and conferring of the first Karl F. Herzfeld Memorial Medal.

Series 5, the Manuscripts series contains the manuscripts of two books written by Dr. Herzfeld. The first is a family history and autobiography, written in 1971 with addendums from 1974 It includes information on both the Herzfeld and Flannery families, as well as the life and careers of Herzfeld and his wife Regina. Included are copies of relevant documents, photographs, and maps. The second manuscript, written in 1959, is a study on ultrasonic waves entitled The Absorption and Dispersion of Ultrasonic Waves. It is a typescript and includes several equations, corrections, and explanations of results.

Series 6, the Photographs series contains sixty six individual images taken from the family history and autobiography manuscript materials. The images visually document the family history in Austria and the United States, as well as the career of Dr. Herzfeld. Highlights include a group portrait with a young Albert Einstein and an image of Regina and Karl Herzfeld with John Montgomery Cooper. They are arranged in the order they were placed in the family history and autobiography manuscript.

The majority of the papers cover three major topics regarding the life and career of Dr. Herzfeld: his work with the Mine Advisory Committee, his time as editor of the science subject area for The New Catholic Encyclopedia, and his family history and autobiography.

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Arrangement

The Karl F. Herzfeld Papers consists of six series:







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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

There are access restrictions on Series 3: Promotion Committee. This material may only be viewed with permission of the University Archivist.

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Administrative Information

Custodial History

The provenance of many of the materials is undetermined, although it is likely that Herzfeld or his wife, Dr. Regina Herzfeld, donated the collection to the American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives. The autobiography and family history manuscript materials were donated to the archives by Dr. James G. Brennan, the chair of the Department of Physics at The Catholic University of America, in 1992.

Acquisition Information

The bulk of the collection was donated on an unknown date following Dr. Herzfeld's death. The Autobiography and Family History was donated on January 15, 1992.

Processing Information

Processing completed in November 2000 by EBF. EAD markup completed in December 2005 by Patrick Cullom. EAD revisions in 2013 by Michael J. Dobbs.

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Related Material

The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives:

John Whalen Papers

New Catholic Encyclopedia Records

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Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.


Persons:
Herzfeld, Karl Ferdinand, 1892 -1978

Organizations:
Catholic Church--Encyclopedias
Catholic University of America--History

Subjects:
Ultrasonic waves
United States--Office of Naval Research
Universities and colleges--Washington (D.C.)


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Bibliography

Physikalische und Elektrochemie. Leipzig, 1920.

Absorption und Dispersion. Berlin : Springer, 1926.

Gittertheorie der Festen Körper. Leipzig : Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, 1928.

Nernstscher Wärmesatz. Leipzig, 1929.

Absorption and Dispersion of Ultrasonic Waves. New York, Academic Press, 1959.

Fundamental Physics of Gases. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press, 1961.

Questions in Statistical Mechanics: Some Reactionary Viewpoints. Coral Gables, FL : Center for Theoretical Studies, University of Miami, 1971.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

                       
Series 1: Mine AdvisoryCommittee Series, 1948 - 1966 (9 folders)
This series contains documents relating to Dr. Herzfeld's contract work as the chair of the Mine Advisory Committee of the U.S. Navy Office of Naval Research, which studied mine warfare and the development of countermeasures.
Box Folder
1 1 Contract Nonr-329(00), 1951-1954
  2 Correspondence -- Meetings, 1951-1960
  3 Correspondence -- Committee Members, 1951-1955
  4 Appointment Contracts for Consultants, 1951-1954
  5 Correspondence -- Travel and Meeting Reports, 1954-1955, 1954-1955
  6 Correspondence -- Dr. Francis Minot, 1955, 1955
  7 Contracts and Financial Statements, 1948-1962
  8 Final Report (Unclassified), 1955
  9 Correspondence -- Mine Advisory Committee, 1955-1966
                       
Series 2: New Catholic Encyclopedia, 1959-1963 (4 folders)
This series documents the efforts of Dr. Herzfeld in his capacity as the physical sciences and mathematics editor for The New Catholic Encyclopedia.
Box Folder
1 10 Planning Reports for Subject Entries, 1959-1961
  11 Guidelines and Layouts, 1961
  12 Correspondence with Contributors, 1960-1962
  13 Correspondence with Contributors, 1962-1963
                       
Series 3: Promotion Committee, 1940-1941 (1 folder)
This series contains information relating to the activities of Dr. Herzfeld during his tenure on the Promotion Committee of the Academic Senate of The Catholic University of America.
Series 3 is RESTRICTED.
Box Folder
2 1 Correspondence and Reports, 1940-1941
                       
Series 4: Publications, 1932-1967, 1972 (2 folders)
This series is comprised of written by Dr. Herzfeld throughout his career. The topics include physics studies, ethical considerations in science, and the impact of theology on a scientist.
Box Folder
2 2 Articles and Scholarly Papers, 1932-1967
  3 News Clipping-The Tower, Vol. 50, No. 15, 3/3/1972
                       
Series 5: Manuscripts, 1959-1974 (3 folders)
This series contains two manuscripts written by Dr. Herzfeld.
Box Folder
2 4 Autobiography and Family History, 1971
  5 Autobiography and Family History, 1971, 1974
  6 The Absorption and Dispersion of Ultrasonic Waves, 1959
                       
Series 6: Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965 (1 box)
This series of sixty six photographs have been culled from the family and autobiography materials of the previous series. They retain their original caption from Herzfeld as well as descriptive information for each image.
Box Folder
3 1 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    1. Dr. Sebastian Herzfeld and Barbara Herzfeld (KFH's Grandparents), San Diego, California, 1886
  Folder
  2 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    2. Herzfeld with his Father and Grandfather, San Diego, California, 1896
  Folder
  3 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    3. Portrait of Maria Fischer Herzfeld (KFH's Stepmother), 1904
  Folder
  4 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs 1886-ca. 1965
   
    4. Maria Gottlicue in Aussig (KFH's Aunt), ca. 1936
   
    5. Maria Gottlicue Gravesite, n.d.
  Folder
  5 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    6. Staff Portrait of the II Gynelogical University Clinic, Vienna, n.d.
  Folder
  6 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    7. Portrait of Herzfeld's Father, n.d.
  Folder
  7 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    8. Herzfeld's Father in Uniform, n.d.
   
    9. Herzfeld's Father with Herzfeld's Half Brother Herbert (aka Armundo Aliberti) and Step Mother Maria Fischer Herzfeld, ca. 1923
  Folder
  8 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    10. Herzfeld Family Gravesite in Vienna, n.d.
  Folder
  9 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    11. Herzfeld's Mother, n.d.
  Folder
  10 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    12. Herzfeld's Brother Gustl, 1896
  Folder
  11 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    13. Karl Herzfeld, ca. 1896
  Folder
  12 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    14. Karl and Gustl Herzfeld, ca. 1897
  Folder
  13 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    15. Karl and Gustl Herzfeld, ca. 1904
  Folder
  14 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    16. Karl and Gustl Herzfeld, ca. 1908
  Folder
  15 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    17. Group Portrait in P. Weiss' Physic Lab in Zurich, Switzerland (Includes Herzfeld and Albert Einstein), ca. 1912-1913
  Folder
  16 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    18. Image of Herzfeld's Uncle Aurthur, n.d.
   
    19. Image of "Martha" and "Lillie" in Hamburg, Summer, 1948
  Folder
  17 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    20. Portrait of Herzfeld's Cousin Elizabeth, November, 1896
   
    21. Portrait of Herzfeld's Cousin Elizabeth, n.d.
   
    22. Image of Herzfeld's Cousin Elizabeth, Step Mother Maria, and Half Brother Herbert (aka Armundo Aliberti) in Aussig, n.d.
  Folder
  18 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    23. Image of George Fasal, Maria (Fischer) Herzfeld, Anni (Fischer) Fasal, Grete (Forscheim) Fischer, and Ethel (London) Fasal, 1958-1962
  Folder
  19 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    24. Herzfeld's Step Mother Maria and his Wife Regina in Falmouth, Cape Cod, Summer 1954
   
    25. Image of Anni (Fisher) Fasal, Herzfeld's Wife Regina, and his Step Mother Maria, in Front of Langford Court, St. John's Wood, Summer, 1958
  Folder
  20 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    26. Image of Anni (Fischer) Fasal, Herzfeld's Step Mother Maria, and Grete (Forscheim) Fischer at the Wedding of Madeleine Fasal, April 24, 1965
  Folder
  21 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    27. Image of Gust and Fritzl, n.d.
  Folder
  22 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    28. Portrait of Herbert Herzfeld (Herzfeld's Half Brother, aka Armundo Aliberti), n.d.
   
    29. Portrait of Herbert Herzfeld (Herzfeld's Half Brother, aka Armundo Aliberti), n.d.
  Folder
  23 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    30. Herbert Herzfeld (Herzfeld's Half Brother, aka Armundo Aliberti), ca. 1943
   
    31. Herbert Herzfeld (Herzfeld's Half Brother, aka Armundo Aliberti) Directing Rehearsal in the Musikvereinssal, Vienna, ca. 1960
  Folder
  24 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    32. Herbert Herzfeld (Herzfeld's Half Brother, aka Armundo Aliberti), n.d.
   
    33. Herbert Herzfeld (Herzfeld's Half Brother, aka Armundo Aliberti) Rehearsing for Cologne Television Show, February, 1962
  Folder
  25 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    34. Funeral of Herbet Herzfeld (Herzfeld's Half Brother, aka Armundo Aliberti), June 22, 1962
  Folder
  26 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    35. Map of Montenegro, n.d.
   
    36. Map of the Galicia Front, n.d.
  Folder
  27 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    37. Image of Trenches in Galicia on the Russian Front, 1915
   
    38. Street Scene in Alessio, Albainia, 1916
  Folder
  28 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    39. Scene of the Raod From Skutari to Alessio in Albainia, 1916
   
    40. Image of the Front Line in the Polomite Mountains, 1917
  Folder
  29 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    41. Official Photograph, Taken From Mt. Orsere, Showing the Italian Army Front Line During World War I, n.d.
   
    42. Image of Geheimrat Willstatter and Professor Fajans in a Chemical Labratory in Munich, n.d.
  Folder
  30 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    43. Portrait of A. Sommerfeld, n.d.
  Folder
  31 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    44. Portrait of Karl Herzfeld in Munich, n.d.
   
    45. Portrait of Karl Herzfeld in Baltimore, n.d.
  Folder
  32 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    46. Regina Herzfeld, ca.1912
  Folder
  33 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    47. Regina Herzfeld and her Sister Elizabeth Flannery at Point Loma, San Diego, California, Summer, 1951
   
    48. Regina Herzfeld and her Sister Elizabeth Flannery at the Kleinhesseloher See, Munich, Summer, 1964
  Folder
  34 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    49. Fr. John Motgomery Cooper, Regina Herzfeld, and Karl Herzfeld at the Awarding of Regina's P.h.D., Catholic University of America, Washington, DC, San Diego, California, June, 1938
  Folder
  35 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    50. Regina Herzfeld With M. Ereaux, Singer Sleeping Bear, and Coming Daylight of the Gros Ventres Native American Nation, Hays Montana, 1940
  Folder
  36 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    51. Tibetan Women in Bauma, Switzerland, 1969
   
    52. Buddhist Shrine in the Institute of Tibetan Studies, n.d.
  Folder
  37 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    53. Regina and Karl Herzfeld at Their Wedding Breakfast, June 9, 1938
   
    54. Fr. John montgomery Cooper, Regina and Karl Herzfeld, and Elizabeth Flannery at the Herfeld's Wedding Breakfast, June 9, 1938
  Folder
  38 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    55. Regina Herzfeld at Bay Ridge, MD, 1938
   
    56. Regina Herzfeld at the Skyline Drive, n.d.
  Folder
  39 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    57. H. Honl, Regina and Karl herzfeld at a Dinner Honoring Herzfeld, Munich, 1962
   
    58. Karl and Regina Herzfeld at the 50th Anniversary of the Discovery of the X-Ray Diffraction, Munich, 1962
  Folder
  40 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    59. Regina Herzfeld, ca. 1963
   
    60. Regina Herzfeld in Atlanta, 1968
  Folder
  41 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    61. Karl Herzfeld Honorary Degree at Fordham University, June, 1960
  Folder
  42 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    62. Charles Maria Herzfeld With Airplane, 1935
  Folder
  43 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    63. Fritzl Herzfeld, 1941
  Folder
  44 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    64. Norma Herzfeld With Her Sons, Charles and Thomas, 1957
   
    65. Fritzl Herzfeld With Her Three Grandsons, 1961
  Folder
  45 Karl F. Herzfeld Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965
   
    66. Karl Herzfeld, Charles Maria Herzfeld, Charles Christopher Herzfeld, n.d.

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Related Material

Index Terms

Bibliography

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Mine AdvisoryCommittee Series, 1948 - 1966

Series 2: New Catholic Encyclopedia, 1959-1963

Series 3: Promotion Committee, 1940-1941

Series 4: Publications, 1932-1967, 1972

Series 5: Manuscripts, 1959-1974

Series 6: Photographs, 1886-ca. 1965

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