The Catholic University of America

Irish Home Rule Political Cartoons Collection

An inventory of the Irish Home Rule Political Cartoons Collection at The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives


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Mailing Address: The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. 20064

Telephone: 202-319-5065

Email: lib-archives@cua.edu

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Descriptive Summary

Repository: The American Catholic Research Center and University Archives
Creator: Arthur J. Connolly
Title: Irish Home Rule Political Cartoons Collection
Dates: 1843-1888
Extent: 2 linear feet; 1 box
Abstract: This collection consists of 19th century political cartoons addressing Irish political issues of the time, including the Irish Repeal Movement, Irish Home Rule, Irish Nationalism and the Land War. While the majority of the collection consists of chromolithographs published in the 1880's by Irish newspapers, there are a few examples of political cartoons published in the 1840's by the British satire magazine Punch.
Collection Number: 187
Language: English

Historical Note

The 19th century Irish political scene opened with the Act of Union, effective on January 1, 1801, uniting the United Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. By the 1830's, Irish political figure Daniel O'Connell was actively campaigning for the repeal of the Union and to recreate an independent Kingdom of Ireland. This period was also marked by the Great Famine (or Irish Potato Famine) of 1845 through 1852.

The 1870's through the 1890's saw an escalation of civil unrest resulting from bad harvests and evictions, often referred to as the Land War. Major figures from this time include the powerful Irish nationalist politician and land reform proponent, Charles Stewart Parnell (1846 - 1891) and British Liberal Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone (1809 - 1898). Gladstone made two major attempts as Prime Minister to grant Irish home rule at this time: the Irish Government Bill of 1886 and the Irish Government Bill of 1893, both which failed to pass.

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Scope and Contents

The collection is divided into two series. The first series of the Irish Home Rule Political Cartoons Collection briefly addresses the Irish Repeal Campaign of the 1840's through four cartoons from the British satire magazine Punch. These British cartoons depict negative views of Irish politician Daniel O'Connell and his efforts to repeal the Act of Union. One goes so far as to portray O'Connell as "The Real Potato Blight in Ireland."

From the 1880's, the second series of the collection includes large chromolithographs from several Irish publications, including The Weekly Freeman, United Ireland, The Weekly Irish Times, and Shamrock. Common subjects include Ireland personified as Erin or Pat, conflict between landlords and tenants, tensions between the Orangemen of the north and the rest of Ireland, as well as many portraits of notable politicians. United Ireland in particular has a recurring cartoon titled "The Choice of the Conventions" with portraits of various Irish political figures. Many British politicians are also satirized, including William Ewart Gladstone (1809 - 1898), Lord Randolph Churchill (1849 - 1895), and Joseph Chamberlain (1836 - 1914).

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Arrangement

The Irish Home Rule Political Cartoons Collection consists of two series:



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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

No Restrictions.

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Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

Donated in 1919 by Arthur. J. Connolly to The Catholic University of America. Transferred from Rare Books and Special Collections to the American Catholic History Research History Center in 2003.

Processing Information

Initial inventory completed in 2003 by Patrick Cullom. Finding aid and EAD markup completed by Katherine Santa Ana in 2016.

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Related Material

Irish Repeal Campaign Cartoons

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Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.


Persons:
Chamberlain, Joseph, 1836-1914
Churchill, Randolph Henry Spencer, Lord, 1849-1895
Gladstone, W.E. (William Ewart), 1809-1898
O'Connell, Daniel, 1775-1847
Parnell, Charles Stewart (1846-1891)

Organizations:
Land League (Ireland)
Tory Party (Great Britain)
United Ireland (Newspaper : 1881-1896)
Weekly Freeman's Journal (Dublin, Ireland)
Whig Party (Great Britain)

Places:
Great Britain
Ireland

Subjects:
Ireland--History--1837-1901
Political Cartoons


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Detailed Description of the Collection

                       
Series 1: British political cartoons from Punch magazine, 1843 - 1845 (Box 1)
This series briefly addresses the Irish Repeal Campaign of the 1840's through four cartoons from Punch, the British satire magazine.
   
    1. The Pepper-Box and the "Vinegar-Cruet." Punch, 1844
        Political Cartoon
   
    2. The Real Potato Blight of Ireland. Punch, 1845
        Political Cartoon
   
    3. Punch's Pencillings. - No. LXI. Punch, 1843
        Political Cartoon
   
    4. The Great O'. in Love. Punch, 1844
        Political Cartoon
                       
Series 2: Irish political cartoons from various Irish newspapers, 1883 - 1888 (Box 1)
This series includes large chromolithographs from several Irish publications, including The Weekly Freeman, United Ireland, The Weekly Irish Times, and Shamrock.
   
    1. William O'Brien, M.P. (MALLOW). The Weekly Freeman, August 9, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    2. The "Pinch of Hunger" - Coming Home. The Weekly Freeman, March 29, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    3. The Viper Biting the File. The Weekly Freeman, September 5, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    4. Her New Valentine. The Weekly Freeman, February 13, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    5. Erin's Ultimatum. The Weekly Freeman, April 10, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    6. The Choice of the Conventions. United Ireland, October 24, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    7. "A Note of Warning." The Weekly Freeman, April 5, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    8. Face to Face - With the Lords.!!! The Weekly Freeman, July 5, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    9. The Two Coxwains. The Weekly Freeman, May 17, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    10. "Divide and Conquer." An Old English Custom. The Weekly Freeman, October 16, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    11. "The Serenade." The Weekly Freeman, September 26, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    12. Shoulder to Shoulder. The Weekly Freeman, November 20, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    13. Ventriloquism Extraordinary!!! The Weekly Freeman, April 28, 1888
        Political Cartoon
   
    14. The Black Watch. The Weekly Freeman, May 19, 1888
        Political Cartoon
   
    15. The Land (Lords) Court. The Weekly Freeman, May 24, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    16. "Within Measurable Distance." The Weekly Freeman, August 30, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    17. The Law's Delay. The Weekly Freeman, July 12, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    18. The Choice of the Conventions. United Ireland, October 17, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    19. The Reason Why. The Weekly Freeman, October 11, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    20. An Un-Bearable Situation. The Weekly Freeman, September 18, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    21. Grand National (Franchise) Steeplechase. The Weekly Freeman, April 26, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    22. The Choice of the Conventions. United Ireland, November 21, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    23. The Birmingham Cat's Paw. United Ireland, July 10, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    24. It's Nothing When You're Used to It. The Weekly Freeman, November 6, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    25. "Called Back." The Weekly Freeman, November 15, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    26. A Summons to Surrender…A Vision of the New Year. United Ireland, January 2, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    27. Well Done! United Ireland, July 17, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    28. Oiling his Locks. The Weekly Freeman, February 19, 1887
        Political Cartoon
   
    29. Roasting Foul. The Weekly Freeman, April 12, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    30. Two Jubilees. The Weekly Freeman, March 19, 1887
        Political Cartoon
   
    31. The Cup Tossers (After Crowley's Celebrated Picture). The Weekly Freeman, October 30, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    32. The Real Fundamental Law. The Weekly Freeman, January 30, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    33. "Will He Fire?" The Weekly Freeman, November 27, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    34. Two Irish Pictures. United Ireland, August 7, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    35. Resurrecting a Viceroy! United Ireland, August 14, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    36. Arraigned! United Ireland, June 12, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    37. The "Legal" Plan of Campaign. The Weekly Freeman, January 22, 1887
        Political Cartoon
   
    38. "The Latest Cromwell"-A Westminster Farce. The Weekly Freeman, April 2, 1887
        Political Cartoon
   
    39. The Doom of the Landlord. United Ireland, September 4, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    40. "A Cool Proposal." United Ireland, June 19, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    41. Rome Exposed (Again.) The Weekly Freeman, November 13, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    42. The Truth About Ireland. The Weekly Freeman, n.d.
        Political Cartoon
   
    43. "Never" and "For Ever." The Weekly Freeman, September 19, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    44. "Our" Belisarius. The Weekly Freeman, March 28, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    45. The Contrary Pig. United Ireland, July 24, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    46. Alderman Charles Dawson, M.P. (Carlow). The Weekly Freeman, February 9, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    47. "Whose Shall the Coffin Be?" United Ireland, July 3, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    48. The Choice of the Conventions. United Ireland, November 14, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    49. Our Gordon. The Weekly Freeman, February 7, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    50. The Case for the Crown. The Weekly Freeman, August 23, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    51. A. M. Sullivan. The Weekly Freeman, October 18, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    52. Justin McCarthy M.P. The Weekly Freeman, January 12, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    53. Orange "Loyalty"!!! The Weekly Freeman, June 21, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    54. "Let Justice Be 'Done.'" The Weekly Freeman, November 29, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    55. A New (RY) Puzzle: For Lord Spencer. And Others. The Weekly Freeman, June 14, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    56. The Siege of Athlone-Fight for the Bridge. Shamrock, October 3, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    57. Baldoyle - The K'rect Card! The Weekly Irish Times, May 31, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    58. Randolf the Terrible! The Weekly Irish Times, April 26, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    59. The Soudan in 1884. The Weekly Irish Times, March 1, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    60. Attracting His Attention. The Weekly Freeman, September 13, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    61. The Choice of the Conventions. United Ireland, November 28, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    62. A Contrast. The Weekly Freeman, November 22, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    63. The Big Fence. The Weekly Freeman, June 13, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    64. Sir Thomas Gratton Esmonde, Bart., M.P. The Weekly Freeman, March 5, 1887
        Political Cartoon
   
    65. James O'Kelly, M.P. (Co. Roscommon.) The Weekly Freeman, February 2, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    66. Father Keller. P.P. Youghal. The Weekly Freeman, March 26, 1887
        Political Cartoon
   
    67. Hic Jacet. Orange Bluster. The Weekly Freeman, June 28, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    68. Father Matt Ryan, C.C. The Weekly Freeman, April 9, 1887
        Political Cartoon
   
    69. The Choice of the Conventions. United Ireland, December 12, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    70. No Longer "Looking On." The Weekly Freeman, August 2, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    71. Presto!!! The Weekly Freeman, August 16, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    72. Another Dynamite Outrage! The Weekly Freeman, March 8, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    73. Abandoned! The Weekly Freeman, April 12, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    74. Irish Work for Irish Hands. Irish Hearts in Irish Work. United Ireland, February 3, 1883
        Political Cartoon
   
    75. Easter Monday Sports in Phoenix Park. The Weekly Irish Times, April 19, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    76. Stuck in the Mud. The Weekly Irish Times, April 5, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    77. The Modern Crusader! (Drawn From Nature). The Weekly Irish Times, September 13, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    78. The Cork Landlords stirring up a Devil's Cauldron. United Ireland, October 3, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    79. The Conventions. United Ireland, October 10, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    80. The Orange Jack the Giant Killer. United Ireland, February 13, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    81. Westminster School. United Ireland, July 11, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    82. A Flag of Truce-"Ground Arms!" United Ireland, March 13, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    83. "Taking the Landlords at Their Word." United Ireland, April 3, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    84. Away! God Speed! United Ireland, January 16, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    85. "Foiled!" United Ireland, January 30, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    86. Called In. United Ireland, March 6, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    87. The Two Policies for Ireland. United Ireland, February 27, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    88. The "Loyal" Garrotters. United Ireland, January 23, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    89. King Randolph Crossing the Boyne. United Ireland, February 20, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    90. "Clear the Way." United Ireland, January 9, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    91. "One Touch of Nature Makes the Whole World Kin." United Ireland, March 20, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    92. "The Birmingham Macbeth's Soliloquy." United Ireland, March 27, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    93. "The Choice of the Conventions." United Ireland, November 7, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    94. The New Rent Collector, Buller, and Mr. Hussey begin their Rounds. United Ireland, September 11, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    95. The Conquering Hero. United Ireland, September 13, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    96. An Error in Calculation. United Ireland, September 19, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    97. Flogging Them to the Fight. United Ireland, June 7, 1884
        Political Cartoon
   
    98. Faust and Marguerite (With a New Denouement). United Ireland, March 28, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    99. That Skeleton Again. United Ireland, July 25, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    100. The Grand International Circus. United Ireland, May 23, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    101. The Home Rule Cup. United Ireland, July 18, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    102. The Political Gamblers. United Ireland, July 4, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    103. Picking Up Humpty-Dumpty. United Ireland, August 1, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    104. The Last Fond Look. United Ireland, August 22, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    105. The Shaughraun at the Castle. United Ireland, May 30, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    106. The Horse and the Ass. United Ireland, September 12, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    107. Gladstonian Generosity. United Ireland, September 26, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    108. The Cabinet Trick. United Ireland, February 6, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    109. Caught in the Act. United Ireland, August 28, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    110. Shooting the Irish Rapids. United Ireland, July 31, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    111. "Mak' Siccar, Willie!" United Ireland, June 26, 1886
        Political Cartoon
   
    112. The Choice of the Conventions. United Ireland, October 31, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    113. The Choice of the Conventions. United Ireland, December 5, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    114. J.W. Croke Archbishop of Cashel. United Ireland, June 13, 1885
        Political Cartoon
   
    115. The New Electoral Map of Ireland. United Ireland, December 19, 1885
        Political Cartoon

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Related Material

Index Terms

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: British political cartoons from Punch magazine, 1843 - 1845

Series 2: Irish political cartoons from various Irish newspapers, 1883 - 1888

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