The Catholic University of America

Irish Repeal Campaign Cartoons Collection

An inventory of the Irish Repeal Campaign Cartoons Collection at The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives


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Descriptive Summary

Repository: The American Catholic Research Center and University Archives
Creator: Arthur J. Connolly
Title: Irish Repeal Campaign Cartoons Collection
Dates: 1843-1844, n.d.
Extent: 5 items
Abstract: This collection consists of four political cartoons and one election flyer illustrating opposing attitudes to the 1801 Act of Union, which united the United Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Collection Number: 251
Language: English

Historical Note

The Act of Union went into effect January 1, 1801, uniting the United Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. By 1840, the Repeal Association was founded by Daniel O'Connell, an Irish statesman, to campaign for the repeal of the Act of Union. The movement was characterized by large meetings of peaceful participants, referred to as "monster meetings." However, by 1848 the momentum of the Repeal Association fizzled due to differences within the larger repeal movement and the death of Daniel O'Connell (1775-1847).

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Scope and Contents

This collection consists of one series of political cartoons and one election flyer which illustrate opposing attitudes to the Act of Union. Three anti- union cartoons published in Dublin flatteringly portray Daniel O'Connell in his struggle against English rule as personified by Arthur Wellesley, (Duke of Wellington, British Prime Minster, 1828-1830, 1834), and Sir Robert Peel, (Prime Minister, 1834-1835, 1841-1846). Accompanying O'Connell in two cartoons is a figure that may represent Thomas Osborne Davis, the Irish writer, organizer of the Young Ireland movement, and founder of the pro-repeal newspaper, The Nation. In contrast, a fourth cartoon, by English caricaturist George Cruikshank, represents O'Connell as an ax-wielding bully attempting to sever the hands of England and Ireland united in friendship. The final item, a damaged election flier entitled, "Under the British Flag," depicts Liberal (Whig) policies favorably in comparison to those of the Tories (Conservatives).

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Arrangement

The Irish Repeal Campaign Cartoons Collection consists of one series:


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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

No Restrictions.

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Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

Donated in 1919 by Arthur. J. Connolly to The Catholic University of America. Transferred from Rare Books and Special Collections to the American Catholic History Research History Center in 2003.

Processing Information

Initial inventory completed in 2003 by Patrick Cullom. Finding aid and EAD markup completed by Katherine Santa Ana in 2016.

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Related Material

Irish Home Rule Political Cartoons

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Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.


Persons:
Cruikshank, George, 1792-1878
Davis, Thomas Osborne, 1814-1845
O'Connell, Daniel, 1775-1847
Peel, Sir Robert, 1788-1850
Wellesley, Arthur, Duke of Wellington, 1769-1852

Organizations:
Tory Party (Great Britain)
Whig Party (Great Britain)

Places:
Great Britain
Ireland

Subjects:
Ireland--History--1837-1901
Political Cartoons


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Detailed Description of the Collection

                       
Series 1: Political cartoons and campaign flyer, 1843 - 1844, n.d. (1 Folder)
   
    1. Hints & Hits No. 1. James McCormick, 1844
        Political Cartoon
   
    2. Hints & Hits No. 5. James McCormick, 1844
        Political Cartoon
   
    3. Hints & Hits No. 6. James McCormick, 1844
        Political Cartoon
   
    4. The Queen and the Union! [photocopy] George Cruikshank, 1843
   
    5. Under the British Flag. Liberal Party, n.d.
        Campaign Flyer

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Related Material

Index Terms

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Political cartoons and campaign flyer, 1843 - 1844, n.d.

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