The Catholic University of America

Iturbide-Kearney Family

An inventory of The Iturbide-Kearney Family Collection at The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives


Contact Information:

Mailing Address: The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. 20064

Telephone: 202-319-5065

Email: archives@mail.lib.cua.edu

URL: http://archives.lib.cua.edu/

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Descriptive Summary

Repository: The American Catholic Research Center and University Archives
Creator: Agustin Iturbide III, 1863-1925
Title: Iturbide-Kearney Family Collection
Dates: 1787-1977
Extent: 5.5 linear feet; 6 boxes
Abstract: This collection contains original documents from the Iturbide family from Emperor Agustin Iturbide I's reign until the death of his grandson, the self-styled Agustin Iturbide III. The collection includes correspondence, Mexican governmental documents, military medals and coins, newspapers, magazines, and portraits. The Kearney section contains correspondence and portraits from Louise Kearney, Iturbide III's wife from 1915 until his death.
Collection Number: 93
Language: English, Spanish

Biographical Note

Agustin Iturbide III, grandson of Emperor Iturbide I, was born in Mexico City during the French occupation of the country in 1863. Desiring a Mexican heir, Emperor Maximilian I, an Austrian by birth, arranged to adopt Iturbide III, then two years old, in 1865. Following the collapse of Maximilian's regime in 1867, Agustin was reunited with his birth parents in Havana, and resided with his mother in the United States until 1875 before leaving to study in Brussels. Agustin remained in Europe for many years before returning once again to attend graduate school in Washington, DC. He was awarded a master's degree in Linguistics from Georgetown University in 1884.

Iturbide returned to Mexico in 1887 to enter the Military Academy in Chapultepec. Although he had aspirations for a storied military career, his outspoken nature was ultimately self-sabotaging. Indeed, his criticisms of the Diaz regime in both a New York newspaper and in personal correspondence resulted in his being court-martialed in 1890. Convicted of insubordination, he was sentenced to one year in prison and was subsequently exiled.

Financially ruined, and grieving for his mother, who passed away during attempts to salvage the family fortune, Iturbide moved to Rosedale to teach Spanish and French at Georgetown University. It was there, however, that he met Louise Kearney, who would become his wife in 1915. The Kearneys were a prominent Washington family that emigrated from Ireland in the late 1700s.

Agustin Iturbide III continued to teach until his death from Tuberculosis in 1925. Louise Kearney lived the rest of her life in a small P Street apartment and became friends with Catholic University procurator Msgr. James Magner, to whom she entrusted this collection in 1957.

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Scope and Contents

The Iturbide-Kearney Family collection consists of seven series. These contain personal information on both families such as correspondence, personal portraits, and official government documents. There are publications on the Iturbide family and their contributions to Mexican independence, as well as personal scrapbooks of Agustin Iturbide III. Finally are the personal papers of Louise Kearney, including correspondence after her husband's death in 1925.

Series one is personal and governmental documents from Agustin Iturbide I, including his diary (dated 1787 to 1793), correspondence during the independence movement (1813 to 1821), and governmental documents from his time as Emperor. In addition, there are three photocopies of documents related to what is often called the Mexican Declaration of Independence, or "El Plan de Iguala". This series is entirely in Spanish.

Series two is comprised of the family correspondence of Iturbide III from 1849 to 1924. Most of these letters pertain both to his time with Emperor Maximilian and his life post-exile, although some do touch upon his court-martial in 1890.

Series three is fairly short and contains but three folders on Mexican politics during the 1870s, including a Mexican political cartoon board game.

Series four contains correspondence and legal documents pertaining to Agustin Iturbide III's largely unsuccessful real estate deals from 1905 to 1921. There are also legal proceedings relating to a California lawyer William H. Holcomb, and to Agustin Iturbide III's attempts at reclaiming land in Mexico after the fall of the Diaz regime.

Series five, Publications, includes collected articles, magazines, and books on the Iturbide family's contribution to Mexican independence.

Series six is the Kearney family papers, and includes correspondence from the first member of the Kearney family to immigrate to the United States, as well as the personal papers of Louise Kearney, including her handwritten autobiography, general correspondence, and her correspondence with Magner regarding donation of the collection to Catholic University.

Series seven, Photos, Portraits, and Scrapbooks, contains family portraits, coat of arms, and personal photos of Agustin Iturbide III and Louise Kearney. Also included are family documents and newspaper clippings pertaining to both Iturbide's time with Maximilian I and to his eventual court-martial.

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Arrangement

The Iturbide-Kearney Family Collection consists of two series:








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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

There are no restrictions on access

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Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

This collection was donated in four parts. The initial gift by Louise Kearney to Msgr. James Magner occurred in April 1957. Upon Magner's retirement, he gifted those materials to Catholic University. In 1975, he donated items related to the "El Plan de Iguala," before completing the collection in 1995 with a final donation of personal papers.

Processing Information

Processing completed in September 2012 by Raymond Moore. EAD markup completed in September 2012 by Raymond Moore. EAD revisions in Spring 2014 by Michael J. Dobbs. Finding aid revised in Fall 2014 by Paul Kelly; EAD revised by Paul Kelly and Matt Proietta.

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Related Material

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Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.


Persons:
Iturbide

Persons:
Kearney

Places:
Mexico

Places:
Washington D.C.


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Bibliography

Times Herald Sunday, March, 23, 1941

Mayo, C.M "The Last Prince of the Mexican Empire" (Denver: Unbridled Books, 2009), 419-422.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

                       
Series 1: Emperor Agustin Iturbide I Correspondence and Governmental Documents, 1787-1921 (1 Box)
This series contains personal documents of Agustin Iturbide I, including his diary and correspondence from the independence movement in Mexico. Also included are governmental proclamations made by Iturbide I, as well as copies of documents pertaining to the "El Plan de la Iguala." This series is entirely in Spanish.
Box Folder
1 1 Havana Embassy Letter, 1813
        Document
        Spanish letter to the ambassador in Havana.
  2 El Plan de Iguala Copy, 1822
        Document
        A photocopy of the El Plan de Iguala. An original copy is in secure storage.
  3 El Plan de Iguala Copy, 1822
        Two photocopies of the El Plan de Iguala. An original copy is in secure storage.
  4 History of the Mexican Army, 1821-1921
        Document
        A magazine in Spanish commemorating the centennial of the Mexican Army includes Iturbide correspondence from 1821 concerning the formation of the army.
  5 Iturbide Family Documents, 1808-1919
        Document
        Includes personal correspondence and flyers celebrating Agustin Iturbide I from 1919.
  6 Colonial Mexican Native American Prints, n.d.
        Hand drawn prints possibly from a book
  7 Iturbide Journal and Colonial Documents, 1787-1793
        Document
        Agustin Iturbide I personal journal during his years in the army as well as miscellaneous Spanish colonial documents.
  8 Iturbide Journal, 1793-1795
        Document
        A later journal from Agustin Iturbide I, with personal correspondence, in Spanish.
  9 Typed Copy of Iturbide's Military Journal, n.d.
        Document
        Typed copy in Spanish of 1812-1813 Journal
  10 Iturbide Family Medals, 1821-1871
        Collection of Iturbide family coins from Iturbide I reign as well as military medals dating as late as 1871. Includes original ribbons and a nameplate as well.
                       
Series 2: Agustin Iturbide III Correspondence and Family History, 1849-1939 (1 Box)
This series contains both personal correspondence of Agustin Iturbide III and correspondence from his time as a child with Maximilian I. Also included is an alphabet code he invented as well as text on the Iturbide family history.
Box Folder
1 11 Agustin Iturbide III Alphabet and Photo, 1866-n.d.
        This is an alphabet code that Iturbide invented during childhood and a photo taken when he was six months old.
  12 Personal Correspondence, 1875-1922
        Document
        This folder contains personal correspondence, an essay on the Diaz overthrow in 1910, and family funeral cards
  13 Agustin Iturbide III Personal Correspondence, 1912-1921
        Document
        Handwritten and typed correspondence in Spanish
  14 Text on Agustin Iturbide III Adoption by Maximilian I, 1939
        Document
        This is text in Spanish and English on Agustin Iturbide III's adoption, research for a newspaper article, as well as the article.
  15 Iturbide Family History, 1878
        Document
        This is a handwritten manuscript on the history of the Iturbide family as well as a typed English version.
  16 History of Alta-California, 1850-1852
        Document
        Handwritten history in Spanish by B. Wels.
  17 Agustin Iturbide III Correspondence, n.d.
        Document
        Handwritten and typed personal correspondence as well as a typed poem by Jorge Manrique.
  18 Agustin Iturbide III Childhood Correspondence, 1861-1871
        Document
        This correspondence pertains to Agustin Iturbide III adoption as well as family documents before his birth and after his escape from Mexico in 1867.
Box Folder
2 1 Photo Print of Iturbide family Records, 1878
        Document
        Photo Print of family statistics in Spanish
                       
Series 3: Agustin Iturbide III Political Correspondence, n.d.-1923 (2 Folders)
This series provides insight into Iturbide III's political beliefs during the Mexican Revolution. It also includes a political cartoon board game that satirizes Mexican politics between the regimes of Maximilian I and Diaz.
Box Folder
2 2 Agustin Iturbide III Political Correspondence, 1919-1923
        Document
        This typed English and Spanish Correspondence chronicles Agustin Iturbide III's opinions on the Mexican Revolution and politics in the country shortly following the revolution.
  3 Political Cartoon, n.d.
        Document
        This board game political cartoon critiques life in Mexico in between the regime of Maximilian I and Porfirio Diaz regime.
                       
Series 4: Land Deal Correspondence, 1905-1921 (1 Box)
This series contains personal correspondence regarding California real estate deals between Agustin Iturbide III and William Holcomb. Also included are court proceedings concerning these deals as well as claims to land in Mexico that were confiscated following Iturbide III's court martial in 1890.
Box Folder
2 4 Correspondence on Lower California Land Deals, 1909-1921
        Document
        Correspondence and legal documents with William Holcomb concerning land purchases in lower California, Mexico.
  5 Land Deal Correspondence, 1917-1919
        Document
        Correspondence, handwritten and typed, concerning the land deal as well as telegrams.
  6 California and Washington DC business Correspondence, 1908-1920
        Document
        This correspondence concerns the California land purchases as well as investments in the Washington DC Navy-Army club.
  7 Legal Documents Concerning the Land Deal, 1909-1913
        Document
        These are contracts and court proceeding concerning the failure of the land deal in California and claims to land in Mexico.
  8 Telegrams and Correspondence Concerning the Land Deals, 1909-1913
        Document
        Telegrams and Correspondence with William Holcomb.
Box Folder
3 1 Holcomb Correspondence on Land Purchase, 1905-1906
        Document
        Correspondence with William Holcomb on Land Purchases in California.
  2 Holcomb Claims to Iturbide Family Claims, 1905-1913
        Document
        Spanish correspondence on family land claims in Mexico that was confiscated by Diaz, and claims to the land by Holcomb.
                       
Series 5: Publications, 1823-1961 (2 Boxes)
This series contains publications regarding the history of the Iturbide family, their contributions to Mexican Independence, and books owned by Agustin Iturbide III.
Box Folder
3 3 Copy of Ravsta Jarocha Magazine, 1961
        Document
        Contains articles on the 1821 independence of Mexico and about Agustin Iturbide I's reign.
  4 Photo Prints of Newspaper Articles on Agustin Iturbide III, 1914-1925
        Document
        These photo prints and correspondence pertain to the later life of Augustin Iturbide III.
  5 Copy of Mercurio Magazine, 1921
        Document
        September edition commemorating the 1821 independence of Mexico, in Spanish.
  6 Newspaper Articles/Clippings, 1875-1905
        Document
        A newspaper article on Benito Juarez's death and a 1905 magazine on Agustin Iturbide I.
  7 Iturbide Family Press, 1823-1924
        Document
        An 1863 play in Spanish titled Guerra Estanjera, A series of Independence Postcards from 1903, A 1924 Play on the Iturbide family titled, La Tragedia de Padilla, and a collection of Newspaper clippings on Agustin Iturbide I, from 1823. Also includes a personal letter from 1903
  8 Typed Manuscript of "El Libertador Iturbide", 1921
        Document
        Typed manuscript of a speech on Iturbide's contribution to the independence movement.
Box Folder
4 1 Personal Letters of Agustin Iturbide I, 1816-1821
        Document
        Personal correspondence, small paper letters
  2 Book on the heroes of the Independence of Mexico, n.d.
        Document
        Undated book in Spanish on the major political leaders of Mexico's independence, including pictures.
  3 Spanish Biography on Agustin Iturbide III, 1960
        Document
        Mexican Biography titled, "Don Agustin De Iturbide y Aramburu".
  4 Harpers Brothers Monthly Bulletin, 1883
        Document
        April edition in English on the English literature form the 18th century, possibly part of Agustin Iturbide III personal collection.
  5 Elementary Geography, 1873
        Document
        Children's Geography book in Spanish, used when Iturbide III was in School.
  6 History of the Independence of Mexico, 1910
        Document
        Titled "La Guerra de Independencia: Hidalgo-Iturbide" by Francisco Bulnes. Chronicles the independence movement from Fr. Hidalgo's protest to independence under Emperor Agustin Iturbide I.
                       
Series 6: Kearney Family Documents, 1794-1959 (1 Box)
This series contains the original correspondence of John Kearney, the first member of the family to immigrate to America in 1794, and the personal papers of Louise Kearney, including her handwritten autobiography and correspondence concerning the donation of this collection.
Box Folder
4 7 Louise Kearney Autobiography and Photo of Kearney and Iturbide, 1915
        Document
        Handwritten Autobiography and two snapshots in mint condition.
  8 Louise Kearney Correspondence, 1947-1959
        Document
        Correspondence with Msgr. Magner on donating the Iturbide-Kearney collection. Includes photo of the donation ceremony at CUA, and a CUA bulletin from 1957 concerning the donation of the collection.
  9 Family Correspondence, 1876-1919
        Document
        A mixture of related Spanish and English correspondence between the Iturbides and the Kearneys.
  10 Handwritten Correspondence from John Kearney, 1817
        Document
        Handwritten letter to A.L. Jonesberg in Georgetown.
  11 Iturbide Kearney Newspaper Clippings and Kearney Family Documents, 1793-1939
        Document
        John Kearney correspondence in French upon immigrating to the United States. A typed biography of John Kearney, and newspaper clippings and photocopies on Louise Kearney and her marriage to Agustin Iturbide III.
                       
Series 7: Photos, Portraits, and Oversize Scrapbooks from the Iturbide-Kearney Families, 1858-1977 (2 Boxes)
This series contains Iturbide and Kearney family portraits, coats of arms, and newspaper clippings from the life of Agustin Iturbide III. Also of note are certificates awarded to Agustin Iturbide III.
Box Folder
5 1 Photographs and Portraits (1), 1915, n.d.
        Document
        Hand drawn portrait of Agustin Iturbide I.; Iturbide family coat of arms; Iturbide III, 1915; Alice Green Iturbide portrait; Home of Agustin Iturbide III and mother in Mexico;
  2 Photographs and Portraits (2), n.d.
        Document
        Portrait of James Kearney; Annie E. Kearney; The Kearney home in Georgetown; Portrait of Empress Iturbide; Blanche Kearney, Aunt of Louise; Kearney Coat of Arms
  3 Photographs and Portraits (3), n.d.
        Document
        Iturbide mother personal effects including painting of Agustin.
Box Folder
6 1 Certificate, 1932
        Document
        Lifetime membership letter and certificate to the American Heraldry Society to Mrs. Agustin Iturbide
  2 Portrait and Photo, 1915
        Document
        Portrait of Agustin Iturbide I and photo of Agustin Iturbide III
  3 Two Photos and Book on Iturbide Family, 1957-1977
        Document
        Two more photos of Iturbide donation, 1977 book in Spanish on Iturbide family
  4 Photo-Stat copy of Iturbide letters from Library of Congress, n.d.
  5 Sheet music to "I Guess You'd Better Hush-Hush-Hush, 1901
        Document
  6 Scrapbook, 1890-1921
        Document
        A complete scrapbook of Iturbide newspaper clippings from Mexican Newspaper about his family, in English as well, many on 1890 court martial, obituaries for his mother 1892, ads for a Mexican Restaurant, centennial prints (full pages), on Mexican Independence.
  7 Scrapbook, 1858-1925
        Document
        This scrapbook includes a 1858 poem on Agustin Iturbide I, articles on a young Agustin Iturbide III, Maximilian heir article (English and Spanish), other articles in Spanish of Iturbide, 1890 court martial, 1925 death and funeral clippings

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Related Material

Index Terms

Bibliography

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Emperor Agustin Iturbide I Correspondence and Governmental Documents, 1787-1921

Series 2: Agustin Iturbide III Correspondence and Family History, 1849-1939

Series 3: Agustin Iturbide III Political Correspondence, n.d.-1923

Series 4: Land Deal Correspondence, 1905-1921

Series 5: Publications, 1823-1961

Series 6: Kearney Family Documents, 1794-1959

Series 7: Photos, Portraits, and Oversize Scrapbooks from the Iturbide-Kearney Families, 1858-1977

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