The Catholic University of America

Charles Patrick Neill

An inventory of the Charles Patrick Neill Papers at The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives


Contact Information:

Mailing Address: The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. 20064

Telephone: 202-319-5065

Email: lib-archives@cua.edu

URL: http://archives.lib.cua.edu/

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Descriptive Summary

Repository: The Catholic University of America, The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives
Creator: Charles Patrick Neill, 1865-1942
Title: The Charles Patrick Neill Papers
Dates: 1883-1956
Extent: 4.9 linear feet; 7 boxes; 1 microfilm reel
Abstract: Publications, printed material, clippings, and correspondence documenting the life of Charles Patrick Neill.
Collection Number: 012
Language: English

Biographical Note

Charles Patrick Neill was born on 12 December 1865 at Rock Island, Illinois to James and Julia (Walsh) Neill, who had emigrated from Ireland in 1850. The family moved to Austin, Texas in 1871, where James practiced law. Charles was employed from age 10 in 1876 until 1885 as a bank messenger. He attended the University of Notre Dame from 1885 until 1888, the University of Texas at Austin from 1888 to 1889 and graduated from Georgetown University with a degree AB summa cum laude. He taught at Notre Dame from 1891 until 1894. He studied at Johns Hopkins University from 1894 until 1897 and earned a doctorate in economics and politics. He joined the faculty of the Catholic University of America, where he served successively as instructor, associate professor and professor economics from 1896 until 1905. He married Esther Waggaman of Washington, D.C., in 1901.

In 1902 Neill was appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt to serve as assistant recorder of the Anthracite Coal Strike Commission and his work received recognition. In 1904 an ultimately successful board of arbitration was appointed to defuse a threatened coal strike in Alabama and one of the members, Judge George Gray of Delaware, made his participation dependent upon Neill serving as recorded, adding much to Neill's prestige. Shortly thereafter, in 1905, Roosevelt selected Neill to succeed Carroll D. Wright, who had also taught economics at Catholic University, as United States Commissioner of Labor. President William Howard Taft reappointed him in 1909. Woodrow Wilson appointed him Commissioner of Labor Statistics in 1913 when the Department of Commerce and Labor was divided and the Bureau of Labor Statistics was established in the new Department of Labor. Neill provided federal mediation services in railroad labor disputes and he drafted the Newlands Labor Act in 1913. His investigation of the meat packing industry, prompted by Upton Sinclair's The Jungle, resulted in a federal inspection law in 1906. In addition, his detailed report on child labor provided a basis for congressional legislation.

After his departure from the Department of Labor later in 1913, Neill specialized as an arbitrator while working for the Southeastern Railways from 1915 to 1939 and the United States Railroad Board of Adjustments from 1919 to 1921. He also promoted industrial safety and workmen's compensation laws. His charitable work included serving as a member of the Board of Charities of the District of Columbia and as a trustee of the Girls' Reform School. He had membership and positions of leadership in several professional societies, including the American Statistical Association. He was honored by Notre Dame with an LLD in 1908 and the Laetare Medal in 1922. Charles Patrick Neill died in Washington, D.C., on 3 October 1942.

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Scope and Contents

The Charles Patrick Neill Papers consist of seven manuscript boxes (three linear feet) and one reel of microfilm spanning the years 1893-1956. His personal papers include correspondence, tax information (1940-1946), clippings and a scrapbook (1893-1903).

Neill's professional papers contain correspondence (1904-1942) written while performing one of his various positions as professor, arbitrator, labor commissioner and so on. Included within these papers are: lectures, class notes and publications from his teaching career at the University of Notre Dame (1891-1894) and the Catholic University of America (1897-1905); legal papers (1912-1929) regarding various grievances brought by workmen against their bosses and the charges brought against Neill when he became Commissioner of Labor Statistics in 1913; news clippings and other printed material dealing with his work for the Department of Labor (1905-1913), the American Smelting and Refining Company (1913-1915) and the Bureau of Information of Southeastern Railways (1915-1939); and scrapbooks on microfilm concerning his Labor Department activities and his membership on the Railway Commission. In addition, the collection contains a copy of a dissertation by Richard G. Balfe, MA: Charles P. Neill and the United States Bureau of Labor, the University of Notre Dame, 1956. Balfe notes that Neill systematically destroyed most of his personal papers during the last year of his life; little remains apart from some press clippings and letters of congratulations from friends.

The third series contains Charles Patrick Neill scrapbooks, 1904-1923. One reel (about 50 feet) of microfilm, made from four scrapbooks in posession of his son, J. Kerby Neill. Newspaper accounts of his appointment to the Department of Labor while an economics professor at the Catholic University of America. Important labor disputes - coal, slaughterhouses, railroads, etc. Membership on the Railway Commission. Obituary notices, October 1942.

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Arrangement

The Charles Patrick Neill Papers consists of three series:




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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

There are no access restrictions.

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Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

Donated by James Kerby Neill in 1956. Additional donations occurred on January 10, 1958, and April 18, 1984.

Processing Information

Original processing completed in 1985 by Sister Anne Marie Crowley. Revision completed in 2001 by William John Shepherd, Rebecca Hurley, and Mary Beth Fraser. EAD markup in November 2005 by Leslie Knoblauch and Jane Stoeffler, with revisions by William John Shepherd in 2013..

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Related Material

The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives:

John Mitchell Papers

Terence V. Powderly Papers

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Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.


Persons:
Neill, Charles Patrick

Organizations:
The Catholic University of America
University of Notre Dame

Places:
Washington (D.C.)

Subjects:
Economics
Labor


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Bibliography

Hinrich, A.F. 'Charles P. Neill, 1865-1942,'Journal of the American Statistical Association. Vol. 38, No. 221, March 1943, pp. 110-111.

Neill, Charles P. 'Child Labor at the National Capitol,'Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science , Vol. 27, March 1906, pp. 12-22.

Neill, Charles P. 'Conditions of Progress in Employers' Liability Legislation,'Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science , Vol. 38, No. 1, July 1911, pp. 169-174.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

                       
Series 1: Personal Papers, ca. 1893-1946 (1 box)
This series contains a scrapbook (1893-1903), personal newspaper clippings and tax information (1940-1946).
Box Folder
1 1 Scrapbook, 1893-1903
  2 Taxes, 1940-1946
  3 Clippings, n.d.
                       
Series 2: Professional Papers, 1899-1956 (7 boxes)
This series contains correspondence and other papers (1905-1929); lectures and class notes by subject; legal papers (1912-1929); clippings by subject; and printed matter (1883-1956).
Box Folder
1 4 Professional Correspondence Letter Press, Oct. 2, 1905-Nov. 28, 1906
  5 Professional Correspondence Letter Press, Oct. 1, 1906-Jan. 8, 1907
  6 Professional Correspondence, Nov. 23, 1900-Nov. 23, 1904
  7 Professional Correspondence, Nov. 28, 1904-Dec. 13, 1904
  8 Professional Correspondence, Dec. 14, 1904-Dec. 31, 1904
  9 Professional Correspondence, Jan. 2, 1905-Feb. 27, 1905
  10 Professional Correspondence, July 14, 1908-Jan. 13, 1910
  11 Professional Correspondence, June 27, 1912-Nov. 29, 1916
Box Folder
2 1 Professional Correspondence, Nov. 20, 1916-Dec. 3, 1918
  2 Professional Correspondence, Jan. 5, 1919-Oct. 2, 1919
  3 Professional Correspondence, Feb. 25, 1920-Sept. 1, 1920
  4 Professional Correspondence, Sept. 5, 1921-Mar. 31, 1922
  5 Professional Correspondence, Oct. 27, 1928-Dec. 21, 1929
  6 Professional Correspondence, Jan. 2, 1936-Mar. 24, 1942
  7 Professional Correspondence, n.d.
  8 Lectures and Class Notes: Social Struggle, n.d.
  9 Lectures and Class Notes: Social Forces: Their Nature and ?, n.d.
  10 Lectures and Class Notes: Social Conscience, n.d.
  11 Lectures and Class Notes: The New Sciences and their Ethical Bearing, n.d.
  12 Recipient of the Laetare Medal, 1922
  13 Lectures and Class Notes: Labor Problem, n.d.
  14 Lectures and Class Notes: Factors Bearing Upon Production, n.d.
  15 Lectures and Class Notes: Production, n.d.
  16 Lectures and Class Notes: Production, n.d.
  17 Lectures and Class Notes: Politics, n.d.
  18 Lectures and Class Notes: The New Sciences, n.d.
  19 Lectures and Class Notes: National Banking System, n.d.
  20 Lectures and Class Notes: Money, n.d.
Box Folder
3 1 Lectures and Class Notes: Labor Bureaus, n.d.
  2 Lectures and Class Notes: Labor Systems, n.d.
  3 Lectures and Class Notes: Labor Struggles, n.d.
  4 Lectures and Class Notes: Finance, Apr. 11, 1895
  5 Lectures and Class Notes: Economic Terms (Definition), n.d.
  6 Lectures and Class Notes: Structure and Growth of Economic Soc?, n.d.
  7 Lectures and Class Notes: Economic Progress, n.d.
  8 Lectures and Class Notes: Economic History, n.d.
  9 Lectures and Class Notes: Constitutional History, n.d.
  10 Lectures and Class Notes: Problems of Charity, n.d.
  11 Lectures and Class Notes: Thomas J. Conaty Letter, June 25, 1898
  12 Lectures and Class Notes: American Institutions from English Sources, n.d.
  13 Lectures and Class Notes: Chart: University Statistics, n.d.
  14 Lectures and Class Notes: University Education, n.d.
  15 Lectures and Class Notes: The Rise of the National Banking System, Oct. 1895
  16 Lectures and Class Notes: Certificate of Membership Phi Beta Kappa Society, Apr. 23, 1896
  17 International Conference on Unemployment: In English, Sept. 18, 1901-Sept. 21, 1901
  18 International Conference on Unemployment: In German, Sept. 18, 1901-Sept. 21, 1901
  19 International Conference on Unemployment: In French, Sept. 18, 1901-Sept. 21, 1901
  20 Legal Papers: Corres. Re: Charges, 1912-1913
Box Folder
4 1 Legal Papers: Copy of Report of Charges Preferred, Mar. 1913
  2 Legal Papers: Record and Final Report-Investigation of C.P.N., Mar. 1913
  3 Legal Papers: Copy of Report of Charges Preferred, Mar. 1913
  4 Legal Papers: Copy of Exhibits in re. Investigation of C.P.N., Mar. 1913
  5 Legal Papers: Copy of Exhibits in re. Investigation of C.P.N., Mar. 1913
  6 Legal Papers: Grievances 302, 314, 384, Oct. 1916
  7 Legal Papers: Grievance 1079, n.d.
  8 Legal Papers: Railroad Grievance, June 30, 1911
  9 Legal Papers: James Boyer Statement, Nov. 1902-Apr. 1904
  10 Legal Papers: Bureau of Labor Data, 1905-1913
  11 Legal Papers: Cases on Docket after Feb. 6, 1928, Feb. 6, 1928
  12 Legal Papers: Grievances 1385-2035, Feb. 12, 1924-June 24, 1926
  13 Legal Papers: Grievances 2054-2147, Apr. 20, 1926-Oct. 9, 1926
  14 Legal Papers: Grievances 2153-2221, Aug. 4, 1926-Jan. 10, 1927
  15 Legal Papers: Grievances 2223-2298, Feb. 14, 1926-June 22, 1927
Box Folder
5 1 Legal Papers: Grievances 2302-2395, May 2, 1927-Nov. 17, 1929
  2 Legal Papers: Grievances 2400-2456, Aug. 4, 1927-Jan. 14, 1928
  3 Legal Papers: Grievances 2458-2499, ?-Apr. 9, 1928
  4 Legal Papers: Grievances 2500-2533, Mar. 12, 1928-July 10, 1928
  5 Legal Papers: Grievances 2535-2601, May 15, 1928-Feb. 8, 1929
  6 Legal Papers: H.R. 10289, May 11, 1898
  7 Birmingham Strike, 1903
  8 Data on Labor Exhibits, ca. 1913-1927
  9 Minutes: Anthracite Conference, 1920
  10 Legal Papers: Conductors and Trainmen-U.S. Board of Mediation, 1928
  11 Clippings: Woman and Child Labor, 1907, 1912
  12 Clippings: Bishop Spalding's Address, Dec. 7, 1899
  13 Clippings: Cardinal Newman's Letters, Nov. 18, 1899
  14 Clippings: Cardinal Vaughn's Reply, n/a
  15 Clippings: Miscellaneous, ca. 1895-1937
  16 Clippings, 1901-1906
  17 Printed Matter: Publications of C.P.N., 1900-1903
  18 Printed Matter, 1900-1903
  19 Printed Matter: Report to the President on Anthracite Coal Strike, May-Oct. 1902, 1902
Box Folder
6 1 Printed Matter, 1883-1915
  2 Printed Matter, 1917-1922
  3 Printed Matter, 1882-1900
  4 Printed Matter, 1897-1923
Box Folder
7 1 Printed Matter, 1897-1900
  2 Printed Matter, 1902
  3 Printed Matter, 1906-1909
 

4

5

Printed Matter, ca. 1920-1927

Printed Matter: Balfe, Richard G. Charles P. Neill and the United States Bureau of Labor: A Study in Progressive Economics, Social Work, and Public Administration. Ph.D. dissertation, Notre Dame University, 1956.

                       
Series 3: Microfilm, 1904-1923 (1 box)
This series consists of one reel of microfilm.
Box Reel
7 1 Charles Patrick Neill Scrapbooks, 1904-1923
        Charles Patrick Neill scrapbooks, 1904-1923. One reel (about 50 feet) of microfilm, made from four scrapbooks in posession of his son, J. Kerby Neill. Newspaper accounts of his appointment to the Department of Labor while an economics professor at the Catholic University of America. Important labor disputes-coal, slaughterhouses, railroads, etc. Membership on the Railway Commission. Obituary notices, October 1942.

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Related Material

Index Terms

Bibliography

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Personal Papers, ca. 1893-1946

Series 2: Professional Papers, 1899-1956

Series 3: Microfilm, 1904-1923

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