The Catholic University of America

Patrick O'Boyle - Vatican Council II Collection

An inventory of Patrick O'Boyle - Vatican Council II Collection at The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives


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Descriptive Summary

Repository: The American Catholic Research Center and University Archives
Creator: Patrick O'Boyle, 1896-1987
Title: Patrick O'Boyle - Vatican Council II Collection
Dates: 1963-1965, n.d.
Extent: 1 linear foot; 2 boxes
Abstract: The Patrick O'Boyle - Vatican Council II Collection consists of a number of materials he collected as a Council Father during the Second Vatican Council. The majority of the material is official council documents, including schema drafts, observations, proposed emendations, voting results, and interventions, along with correspondence usually concerned with accompanying council documents, ranging from 1963-1965.
Collection Number: 319
Language: English, French, Italian, and Latin

Biographical Note

The long life of Patrick Cardinal O'Boyle was spent heavily immersed in the Catholic Church with particular attention devoted to charitable institutions, building projects, and racial integration. The son of devout Irish immigrants, he was born on July 18, 1896 in Scranton, Pennsylvania, where his parents raised him. Early in his life, he attended the school attached to the parish church called St. Paul's Church. Although in 1910 he had to temporarily drop out of school to help support his family - an extended household of iron workers and stone cutters - he graduated in 1912 from St. Thomas Preparatory High School. O'Boyle continued on at St. Thomas' collegiate program and received a college degree four years later. Shortly thereafter, he became a seminarian at St. Joseph's Seminary in Yonkers, New York, and was ordained in 1921.

Father O'Boyle's first assignment as a priest was at St. Columba's Parish in New York. While maintaining his responsibilities as an assistant in the parish, in the mid-1920s, he began helping with the organization of the Annual Fundraiser for the New York Catholic Charities, which was a massive endeavor; his attention to detail and hard work ethic earned him sole supervision of the fundraiser in 1926. In that same year, the archbishop of New York asked him to run the Catholic Guardian Society of Catholic Charities - an organization that helped care for teenage orphans and foster children - as its newest director. Understanding the need for specialized training in such an important position, O'Boyle began a graduate program at the New York School of Social Work in 1927, and graduated in 1932. In a similar vein, in 1933, he helped establish a new school at The Catholic University of America devoted to social work training. The financial skills he had developed along with his experience in social work explains O'Boyle's appointment in 1936 as director of Mt. Loretto, NY, on Staten Island, which was the site of the home of the Immaculate Virgin for the Protection of Homeless and Destitute Children. With the assistance of the newly hired James J. Norris as a financial assistant, O'Boyle introduced massive reforms to help integrate the many facets of the institutions extensive grounds. Again, demonstrating his ability to improve an organization's internal administration, he left Mt. Loretto in 1943 to become the Director of the newly founded War Relief Services (WRS). The goal he and his small staff took up was to help overseas soldiers, POWs, and refugees materially and spiritually through the remainder of and following the end of World War II. It was during his time at WRS that built many relationships in Washington and across the Atlantic, as he had to make numerous trips to the nation's capital to gain government approval to send materiel into Europe. By 1947, the nature of the WRS had shifted, and it was apparent that O'Boyle's superiors believed that his abilities were better placed elsewhere, explaining his transfer to the office of the Director of Catholic Charities in New York. He was, however, unable to settle into his new post because by the end of 1947, he was informed that the Vatican had selected him to become the head of the newly established Archbishopric of Washington, D.C.

As the bishop of the newly established archdiocese, O'Boyle devoted a significant amount of time and resources into obtaining new diocesan properties for the construction of new churches, schools, hospitals and convents to accommodate the growing population of the D.C. area. In 1956, he was able to raise sufficient funds for the construction of Providence Hospital. The other aspiration he gave equal weight to was racial integration. He worked against the segregated nature of the D.C. Catholic Church and the general culture in D.C. and southern Maryland of Jim Crow rules. Upon his arrival in his new archdiocese in the late 40s and early 50s, Bishop O'Boyle strove to desegregate parishes, schools, and hospitals despite significant resistance. Perhaps the greatest stride he took for both of these endeavors was his founding of John Carroll High School, which, from its inception, admitted black students.

When called to the Second Vatican Council in the mid-twentieth century, O'Boyle was determined not to remain a passive participant. Early in the council proceedings, he was voted to the Commission on Seminaries, Studies, and Catholic Schools, in which he worked vigorously to improve the methods of training and the curricula for students at all levels of Catholic training, even making an intervention to his fellow council fathers about seminary curricula. He was also vocal in other areas important to him; he delivered two other conciliar interventions concerned with Jewish relations and racial equality. Many of the arguments he presented contributed to the adjustment or addition of material in the decrees of the council. Two years after the conclusion of the council, O'Boyle received the red hat and joined the College of Cardinals.

After the conclusion of the council, O'Boyle focused his attention to three issues back in his archdiocese: the rate of change in liturgical change, the civil rights movement, and the controversy emerging at The Catholic University of America. First, O'Boyle attempted to keep a firm grip on the reigns of liturgical reform. Although he believed liturgical reform was necessary, he did not want unsanctioned experimentation to threaten the authority of his office or to lead an uninformed laity astray. O'Boyle had also returned his focus to race relations, following the conclusion of the council. As a resolute supporter of racial justice, he advocated government assurance of civil rights and built many relationships with civil rights leaders. Perhaps one of the most difficult challenges he faced occurred in his last years as acting archbishop, when a controversy over the Catholic Church's stance on birth control, in 1938, pulled him into a conflict with a number of the priests in his see, including members of the faculty at The Catholic University of America, publicly advocated the ability to use birth control. Two years after the very public dispute had been resolved, he retired in 1973. Despite his retirement, he remained active by attending conferences, ceremonies, and travelling to visit family and friends. In 1987, after falling ill with pneumonia and suffering problem complications with his kidneys, Cardinal O'Boyle died at the age of 91.

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Scope and Contents

The Patrick O'Boyle - Vatican Council II Collection consists of a number of materials he collected as a Council Father during the Second Vatican Council. The majority of the material contains official council documents, including schema drafts, observations, proposed emendations, voting results, and interventions, along with correspondence usually concerned with accompanying council documents. The dates of these documents range from 1963-1965, with a small portion lacking an indication of date. Although he was a member of the Commission on Seminaries, Studies, and Catholic Schools, the documents range widely across the spectrum of schemata. There are some argumentative essays of particular interest, such as "The Training of Priests" or "An 'Open Window' in the Seminary". Some of the documents contain annotations by the archbishop.

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Arrangement

The Patrick O'Boyle - Vatican Council II Collection consists of 1 series:


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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

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Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

Collection received ca. 1965-1970.

Processing Information

Processing completed in December, 2011 by Paul Westley Bush with contributions by Josh Sakolsky in 1997. EAD markup completed in December, 2011 by Paul Westley Bush.

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Related Material

For more biographical material on O'Boyle, see Morris T. MacGregor. Steadfast in the Faith: The Life of Patrick Cardinal O'Boyle. Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press, 2006.

At the American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives:

Autographes des cardinaux des XVII, XVIII, et XIX siecles

Binz, Leo, Vatican Council II Collection

Hallinan, Paul J., Vatican Council II Collection

Ligutti, Luigi, Vatican Council II Collection

Norris, James J., Vatican Council II Collection

North American College in Rome

Primeau, Ernesto, Vatican Council II Collection

Sheen, Fulton, Vatican Council II Collection

Vatican Council I Photographs

Vatican Council II - Charles Helmsing

Vatican Council II - Documentary Project

Vatican Council II - Miscellany

Vatican Council II - Martin John O'Connor

Vatican Council II - Rocco Caporale

Vatican Council II - Val J. Peter

Vatican Council II - William Bassett

Vatican Council II - William Leahy

Autographes des cardinaux des XVII, XVIII, et XIX siecles

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Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.


Persons:
O'Boyle, Patrick, 1896-1987

Organizations:
Catholic Church

Places:
Rome (Italy)
Washington (D.C.)

Subjects:
Vatican Council (2nd : 1962-1965).
Vatican Council (2nd : 1962-1965). Declaratio de educatione Christiana


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Bibliography

MacGregor, Morris J. Steadfast in the Faith: The Life of Patrick Cardinal O'Boyle. Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press, 2006.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

                       
Series 1: Subject Files, 1963-1965, n.d. (2 boxes)
The singular series in the collection represents the subject files collected by Archbishop Patrick O'Boyle during his involvement in Vatican Council II. Most of the collection is official council documents that include copies of schemata, voting results, interventions, proposed emendations, and indices. There is a limited amount of correspondence primarily with other American bishops concerning the council documents or topics. A majority of the documents are in Latin, although there are also documents in English, French, and Italian. Certain documents contain multiple languages.
Box Folder
1 1 Commissio Conciliaris: Animadversiones Conferentiarum Episcopalium et Patrum circa schema "De Sacrorum Alumnis formandis" and Animadversiones Generales (continuatae) et circa singulos schematis numeros, 1963-1964
        Document in Latin
  2 Correspondence concerning the Animadversiones of select U.S. Bishops sent by Archbishop O'Boyle to Cardinal Pizzardo, President of the Commission on Seminaries, Schools, and Catholic Education (with annotations by Archbishop O'Boyle), 1964
        Documents in Latin and English
  3 Commissio Conciliaris: Animadversio to schema proposita "De Scholis Catholicis" by Bishop Cazaux of Lucionensis, n.d.
        Document in Latin
  4 Commissio Conciliaris: Schema Constitutionis "De Scholis Catholicis et De Studiis Academicis", n.d.
        Document in Latin
  5 Commissio Conciliaris: Votum "De Educatione et De Schola Catholica" annotated by Archbishop O'Boyle, 1964
        Document in Latin
  6 Commissio Conciliaris: Propositiones "De Institutione Sacerdotali" - Textus secundum Sodalium et Peritorum animadversiones a Subcommissione recognitus, 1964
        Document in Latin
  7 Commissio Conciliaris: Principal Propositions derived from the Schema "On Catholic Schools" with English and Latin drafts, n.d.
  8 Commissio Conciliaris: Propositiones "De Institutione Sacerdotali" - secundum Patrum animadversiones recognitae iudicio Commissionis subiciendae, 1964
        Document in Latin
  9 Commissio Conciliaris: Conspectus Animadversionum Sodalium et Peritorum Commissionis circa Propositiones "De Institutione Sacerdotali", 1964
        Document in Latin
  10 Commissio Conciliaris: "Decleratio de Educatione Christiana" [now "Propositiones de Scholis Catholicis"], 1964
        Document in Latin
  11 Commissio Conciliaris: Propositiones "De Institutione Sacerdotali" secundum Patrum animadversiones recognitae iudicio Commissionis subiciendae; annotated, 1964
        Document in Latin and Italian
  12 Commissio Conciliaris: De Scholis Catholicis - Votum; annotated possibly by Archbishop O'Boyle, 1964
        Document in Latin
  13 Commissio Conciliaris: Commission de Seminariis, De Studiis et De Educatione Catholica - Consilia ab aliis Commissionibus Conciliaribus expectita, n.d.
        Document in Latin and Italian
  14 Commissio Conciliaris: Commission concerning Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education - Animadversiones Patrum Conciliarum circa schema Constitutionis "De Sacrorum Alumnis Formandis", 1963
        Document in Latin and French
  15 Commissio Conciliaris: Commission concerning Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education - Animadversiones Generales circa schema "De Sacrorum Alumnis formandis", 1963
        Document in Latin, French, and Italian
  16 Commissio Conciliaris: Commission concerning Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education - Animadversiones Generales circa schema "De Sacrorum Alumnis formandis" ad Prooemium : nr. 1: ad Caput I: nn. 2-6, 1963
        Document in Latin
  17 Commissio Conciliaris: Votum des évéques canadiens sur la schéma de Scholis, 1964
        Document in French
  18 Commissio Conciliaris: Animadversiones circa Appendices appositas Schemati Constitutionis "De Sacrorum Alumnis formandis", 1963
        Document in Latin
  19 Commissio Conciliaris: Commission concerning Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education - Schema Constitutionis "De Sacrorum alumnis formandis" Prooemium aet Caput I, 1963
        Document in Latin
  20 Commissio Conciliaris: Commission concerning Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education - Subcommission II: refert Commissioni Plenariae circa Animadversiones factas a Patribus Conciliaribus de schemate Constitutionibus "De Sacrorum..." Prooemium et Caput I, 1963
        Document in Latin
  21 Commissio Conciliaris: Animadversiones ad schema Constitutionis "De Sacrorum Alumnis formandis", n.d.
        Photocopied document in Latin
  22 Commissio Conciliaris: Commission concerning Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education - Subcommission III and its work regarding Caput II of "De Sacrorum..." - emended texts and proposed changes, 1963, n.d.
        Documents in Latin
  23 Commissio Conciliaris: Commission concerning Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education - relatio de Subcommissionis I ac opera exhibita in Sessione plenaria, and Animadversiones Patrum Conciliarum c. Schema Constitutionis "De Sacrorum...", 1963
        Documents in Latin
  24 Commissio Conciliaris: Commission concerning Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education - Kalendarium Provisiorum sessionum Commissionis plenariae, n.d.
        Document in Latin
  25 Commissio Conciliaris: Commission concerning Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education - Ordo servandus in Subcommissionibus, 1963
        Document in Latin
  26 Commissio Conciliaris: Commission concerning Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education - Animadversiones Patrum Conciliarum c. schema Constitutionis "De Sacrorum...", annotated possibly by Archbishop O'Boyle, 1963
        Document in Latin
  27 Commissio Conciliaris: Schemata Constitutionum et Decretorum de quibus disceptabitur in Concilii sessionibus - Schema Constitutionis "De Sacrorum Alumnis Formandis", 1963
        Document in Latin
  28 Commissio Conciliaris: Letter and attachment from the Commission concerned with Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education regarding emmendation of newest edition of schema, 1963
        Documents in Latin
  29 Commissio Conciliaris: Loose page of draft schema, numbers 7-9, n.d.
        Document in Latin
  30 Commissio Conciliaris: Letter from Cardinal Pizzardo, President of Commission concerned with Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education, to Cardinal Mio of the Commission concerned with Coordinating Council Work, 1964
        Document in Latin
  31 Commissio Conciliaris: Schema Constitutionis "De Alumnis ad Sacerdotium instituendis (De Sacrorum alumnis formandis)"; Textus secundum animadversiones Patrum recognitus durante secunda Concilii perido, 1963
        Document in Latin
  32 Commissio Conciliaris: Animadversiones Patrum circa schema propositium "De Institutione Sacerdotali" quae pervenerunt a mense Junii ad mensem Septembris, 1964
        Document in Latin
  33 Commissio Conciliaris: Animadversiones Patrum circa schema propositionum "De Scholis Catholicis" quae pervenerunt a mense Junii ad mensem Septembris, 1964
        Document in Latin
  34 Commissio Conciliaris: Letter from Cardinal Pizzardo to members of the Commission concerned with Seminaries, Schools and Catholic Education regarding a session to review observations made by Council Fathers, 1964
        Document in Latin
  35 Commissio Conciliaris: Adnotationes circa schema propositionum "De Institutione Sacerdotali" a Patribus Conciliaribus linguae Germaniacae et Scandiae in conventu Oenipontano diebus 19-22 Maii 1964 habito confectae; with list of participants, 1964
        Document in Latin
  36 Commissio Conciliaris: Relatio de opera Subcommissionis IV de "Scholis Catholicis" in genere exhibitae in Sessione Plenaria, 1963
        Document in Latin and fragile
  37 Commissio Conciliaris: Textus Emendatus Capitis II a Subcommissione III propositus - "De Formationis fine in Seminariis Maioribus Eorumque Ordinatione", 1963
        Document in Latin
  38 Commissio Conciliaris: "The Training of Priests" - Textus Prior, n.d.
  39 Commissio Conciliaris: Propositiones Patribus Conciliaribus subiciendae de Institutione Sacerdotali - Forma B, annotated possibly by Archbishop O'Boyle, 1964
        Document in Latin
  40 Commissio Conciliaris: Votum "De Scholis Catholicis" - (IIIa Editio recognita); annotated by Archbishop O'Boyle, 1964
        Documents in Latin
  41 Commissio Conciliaris: Propositiones Patribus Conciliaribus subiciendae de Institutione Sacerdotali - Forma A; annotated by Archbishop O'Boyle, 1964
        Document in Latin
  42 Commissio Conciliaris: Animadversiones Conferentiarum Episcopalium et Patrum circa schema "De Sacrorum Alumnis formandis" - Animadversiones Generales, 1964
        Document in Latin
  43 Commissio Conciliaris: Votum - "De Educatione et Schola Catholica" (II Pars - "De Universitatibus"); annotated by Archbishop O'Boyle, 1964
        Document in Latin
  44 Commissio Conciliaris: Draft of Propositions on Catholic Schools, n.d.
  45 Commissio Conciliaris: Notes on the Schemata "De Institutione Sacerdotali" and "De Scholis Catholicis" sent to the Council Fathers, 1964
        Document in Latin and English
  46 Commissio Conciliaris: Votum - "De Scholis Catholicis", 1964
        Document in Latin
Box Folder
2 1 Commissio Conciliaris: "Declaratio de Educatione Christiana" - textus a coetu peculari emendatus iuxta Sodalium et Peritorum Commissionis animadversiones; annotated by Archbishop O'Boyle, 1964
        Document in Latin
  2 Commissio Conciliaris: Votum "De Scholis Catholicis", n.d.
        Document in Latin
  3 Commissio Conciliaris: Animadversiones Patrum Conciliarum circa Schema Constitutionis "De Scholis Catholicis" - Animadversiones Generales; annotated by Archbishop O'Boyle, 1963
        Document in Latin and French
  4 Commissio Conciliaris: Animadversiones et Propositiones ad Schema "De Scholis Catholicis" - Earumdemque Aestimatio; annotated by Archbishop O'Boyle, n.d.
        Document in Latin
  5 Commissio Conciliaris: Quaedam Animadversiones - De Educatione Catholica in Civitatibus Foederatis Americae Septentrionalis, n.d.
        Document in Latin
  6 Commissio Conciliaris: Relatio de opera Subcommissionis IVae de Scholis Catholicis in genere exhibita in Sessione Plenaria, n.d.
        Document in Latin
  7 Commissio Conciliaris: "An 'Open Window' in the Seminary" by Bishop John Mussio - sent by Archbishop O'Boyle to Bishop Hannan, 1964
  8 Commissio Conciliaris: Letter sent by Archbishop O'Boyle as Chairman of N.C.W.C. to American Bishops asking them to respond to attached letter from Cardinal Pizzardo, 1964
  9 Commissio Conciliaris: Extract from Cardinal McIntyre's comments on "De Scholis Catholicis", 1964
        Document in Latin
  10 Commissio Conciliaris: Schema Constitutionis "De Sacrorum Alumnis formandis" - Textus novus propositus a Commissione Episcopali Hispanica de Semanariis, 1964
        Document in Latin
  11 Commissio Conciliaris: Animadversiones ad Schema "De Scholis Catholicis"; annotated by Archbishop O'Boyle, n.d.
        Document in Latin
  12 Commissio Conciliaris: Animadversiones Patrum Conciliarum circa schema Constitutionis "De Scholis Catholicis" - Animadversiones peculiares circa: Prooemium, Capita I-III et Appendices, n.d.
        Document in Latin
  13 Commissio Conciliaris: Animadversiones circa Schema "De Sacrorum Alumnis formandis" ad Capita II-V, 1963
        Document in Latin
  14 Commissio Conciliaris: Relatio super Schema Decreti "De Apostolatu Laicorum", 1964
        Document in Latin
  15 Commissio Conciliaris: Schema Decreti "De Activitate Missionali Ecclesia" - Modus a Patribus Conciliaribus Propositi a Commissione de Missionibus Examinati, 1965
        Document in Latin
  16 Commissio Conciliaris: Schema Constitutionis "De Ecclesia" - Modi a Patribus Conciliaribus Propositi a Commissione Doctrinali Examinati, Caput I-II, 1964
        Document in Latin
  17 Commissio Conciliaris: Schema Constitutionis Dogmaticae "De Ecclesia" - Modi a Patribus Conciliaribus Propositi a Commissione Doctrinali Examinati, Caput III-VIII, 1964
        Document in Latin
  18 Commissio Conciliaris: Textus Emendatus Capitis VIII Schematis Constitutionis "De Ecclesia" et Relationes, 1964
        Document in Latin
  19 Commissio Conciliaris: Schema Constitutionis "De Sacra Liturgia" - Modi a Patribus Conciliaribus Propositi a Commissione Conciliari de Sacra Liturgia Examinati, Caput IV, 1963
        Document in Latin
  20 Commissio Conciliaris: Schema Constitutionis "De Sacra Liturgia" - Emendationes a Patribus Conciliaribus Postulatae a Commissione Conciliari de Sacra Liturgia Examinatae et Propositae, Caput IV, 1963
        Document in Latin
  21 Commissio Conciliaris: Schema Constitutionis "De Sacra Liturgia" - Modi a Patribus Conciliaribus Propositi a Commissione Conciliari de Sacra Liturgia Examinati, Capita V, VI, VII, 1963
        Document in Latin
  22 Commissio Conciliaris: Schema Constitutionis "De Sacra Liturgia" - Modi a Patribus Conciliaribus Propositi a Commissione Conciliari de Sacra Liturgia Examinati, Caput III, 1963
        Document in Latin
  23 Commissio Conciliaris: Schema Constitutionis "De Sacra Liturgia" - Modi a Patribus Conciliaribus Propositi a Commissione Conciliari de Sacra Liturgia Examinati, Prooemium, Caput I, 1963
        Document in Latin
  24 Commissio Conciliaris: Schema Constitutionis "De Sacra Liturgia" - Modi a Patribus Conciliaribus Propositi a Commissione Conciliari de Sacra Liturgia Examinati, Caput II, 1963
        Document in Latin
  25 Commissio Conciliaris: Emendationes a Concilii Patribus scripto exhibitae super schema Constitutionis dogmaticae "De Ecclesia", Pars II, 1963
        Document in Latin
  26 Commissio Conciliaris: Relatio super schema Decreti "De Oecumenismo", 1963
        Document in Latin
  27 Commissio Conciliaris: Schemata Constitutionum et Decretorum de quibus disceptabitur in Concilii sessionibus schema decreti "De Oecumenismo", Caput V, 1963
        Document in Latin
  28 Commissio Conciliaris: Schemata Constitutionum et Decretorum de quibus disceptabitur in Concilii sessionibus schema Constitutionis dogmaticae "De Ecclesia", Pars I, 1963
        Document in Latin
  29 Commissio Conciliaris: Schemata Constitutionum et Decretorum de quibus disceptabitur in Concilii sessionibus schema decreti "De Oecumenismo", 1963
        Document in Latin

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Related Material

Index Terms

Bibliography

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Subject Files, 1963-1965, n.d.

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