The Catholic University of America

Student Army Training Corps (SATC)

An inventory of the Catholic University of America Student Army Training Corps (SATC) Record at The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives


Contact Information:

Mailing Address: The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. 20064

Telephone: 202-319-5065

Email: archives@mail.lib.cua.edu

URL: http://archives.lib.cua.edu/

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Descriptive Summary

Repository: The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives
Creator: Student Army Training Corps (SATC)
Title: Student Army Training Corps (SATC) at Catholic University Collections
Dates: 1917-1921, n.d.
Extent: 2.5 linear feet; 2 boxes
Abstract: The Student Army Training Corps (SATC) was the World War I incarnation of the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), whose college campus training programs included The Catholic University of America (CUA). Records include correspondence, memoranda, announcements, pamphlets, surveys, syllabi, a certificate of appreciation from the War Department to CUA, and a mix of 4 x 6 and 8.5 x 9.5 inch index cards related to student courses and grades.
Collection Number: CUA
Language: English

Historical Note

As America entered World War I, the U.S. War Department (a precursor to the Defense Department) inaugurated the Student Army Training Corps (SATC), a program designed to use existing colleges and universities as training facilities for new military personnel. Instructors were hired under a temporary contract, with the universities and colleges subsequently reimbursed by the government for expenses. Well over a hundred institutions of higher education, including The Catholic University of America (CUA), took part training young men to become soldiers in a collegiate atmosphere. The SATC was the World War I incarnation of the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) that continues to flourish on American college and university campuses in the twenty-first century.

After Congress declared war on Germany in April 4, 1917, CUA lay students began recruiting for a military drill on campus, forming three companies led by university instructors with prior military experience. A new gymnasium, called 'The Drill Hall,' was constructed to serve both recreational and military needs. CUA unsuccessfully requested the War Department provide an army officer, who were currently in short supply, assigned to CUA. Instead, Sergeant-Major Malinka, a non-commissioned officer stationed in Washington, volunteered to serve as a temporary instructor. Beyond campus activity, many students joined both reserve and active duty units. In 1918, the new SATC arrived at CUA, with the university's own Rev. Dr. Peter Guilday appointed as one of the SATC Regional Vice-Directors. The SATC was enthusiastically received by CUA students, with over 500 qualifying and about 400 inducted. The SATC was short lived though, being dissolved after the armistice in November 1918.

The ROTC originated from Vermont's Norwich University, founded in 1819 by former West Point instructor Captain Alden Partridge. He promoted the idea that local militia would be replaced by 'citizen soldiers' trained for war, but also function as regular civilians in peacetime. Another stepping stone was the Morrill Act of 1862 establishing land-grant colleges with federal requirements including military tactics in the curriculum. Yet another root was the 'Plattsburg' movement beginning in 1915 with the Citizen's Military Training Corps providing reserve line officers after a summer of military training. The first large training camp was in Plattsburg, New York, hence the name, with thousands of attendees, including Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. Finally, the National Defense Act of 1916 established ROTC to train and enroll men into the Reserved Officers' Corps. Male freshman and sophomore ROTC students took military training classes as well as academic coursework, and could also attend annual two to four week training camps. Students who completed four years of ROTC graduated as officers in the U.S. military. Not long after the birth of ROTC, the SATC, a war-time measure, temporarily replaced ROTC, which was reestablished in January 1919 shortly after the SATC was terminated.

During World War II, yet another ROTC incarnation, the Army Specialized Training Program (ASTP), operated at CUA, 1943-1944. The United States Air Force ROTC began at CUA in 1951, but in the Twenty-first century CUA students interested in ROTC must participate through the D.C. Consortium: Air Force ROTC through Howard University, Army ROTC via Georgetown University, and Navy ROTC (Nursing students only) with George Washington University.

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Scope and Contents

The first series, General Subject Files, A-Z, 1917-1921, and undated, are located in box 1. These alphabetical files include correspondence and memoranda from both CUA and The War Department, a certificate of appreciation from the War Department to CUA, announcements, pamphlets, surveys, and syllabi.

The second series, Card Files, 1918-1919, is contained in box 2. These are a mix of 4 x 6 and 8.5 x 9.5 inch index cards related to student courses and grades, including courses taken and a monthly record of academic Grades

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Arrangement

The Student Army Training Corps (SARC) at Catholic University Collection consists of two series:



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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None

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Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

A Catholic University record group that predates the establishments of the Archives in 1948.

Processing Information

Processing completed in 2016 by William John Shepherd, Sr., with assistance from William John Shepherd, Jr. EAD markup completed in 2016 by William John Shepherd, Sr. Digital object links added in 2017 by Katherine Santa Ana.

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Related Material

American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives:

Catholic Heroes of the World War Scrapbook Collection

Millar, Margaret Richards. Papers

National Catholic War Council Records

Rector/President, Office of (CUA)

Shahan, Thomas Joseph. Papers

Student Military Training at CUA (World War II) Records

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), Office of the General Secretary Records

Other Institutions:

Illinois College

Oregon State University

 

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Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.


Persons:
Guilday, Rev. Dr. Peter

Organizations:
Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC)
Student Army Training Corps (SATC)
The Catholic University of America (CUA)
United States War Department

Places:
Washington, D.C.

Subjects:
Campus Life
Student military training
World War I


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Bibliography

Jordan, Angela. 'WWI and Champaign County” of the Town and Gown Speaker Series: Student Military Training and the Great War,' September 22, 2014.

Kinniff, Jenny. 'The Sheridan Libraries Blog: WWI Student Army Training Corps: Hopkins Students Prepare for War,' November 1, 2016

Shepherd, William John. 'The Archivist's Nook: For God and Country-American Catholics and the World War,' November 11, 2015.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

                       
General Subject Files, A-Z, 1917-1921, n.d. (1 Box)
Alphabetical files include correspondence and memoranda from both CUA and The War Department, a certificate of appreciation from the War Department to CUA, announcements, pamphlets, surveys, and syllabi.
Box Folder
1 1 A, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  2 Administrative Memo (U.S. War Department: Committee on Education and Special Training), 1918
        Documents
  3 Announcements, 1917-1919
        Documents
  4 B, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  5 Blank Forms, 1918, n.d.
        Documents
  6 Booklet: 'Enlistment Instruction Pay and Advancement in the United States Navy,' 1917
        Documents
        48 pages
  7 C, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  8 Catholic University Men in Service, 1917
        Documents
  9 Certificate of Appreciation from the U.S. War Department to The Catholic University of America (CUA), 1921
        Documents
  10 Class Lists, 1918, n.d.
        Documents
  11 Closing of SATC, 1918
        Documents
  12 D, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  13 E, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  14 Engineer Corps, 1917
        Documents
  15 Exemption, 1918
        Documents
  16 F, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  17 Food Administration, 1917-1918, n.d.
        Documents
  18 G, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  19 General Orders, 1918
        Documents
  20 H-I-J, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  21 K, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  22 L, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  23 Law School Students, 1918-1921
        Documents
  24 Mc, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  25 M, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  26 Mental Tests: Army, 1918
        Documents
  27 Miscellaneous, 1917-1918, 1921, n.d.
        Documents
  28 N, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  29 Notices: Students and Instructors, 1918
        Documents
  30 O, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  31 Older Memoranda, 1918
        Documents
  32 P, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  33 Pamphlets - General, 1917-1919
        Documents
  34 Pamphlet - 'Department of Military Relief - Bureau of Medical Service - Ambulance Companies,' 1917
        Documents
  35 Pamphlet - 'Forceful Facts about the Army - Reading Everyone One of Them,' Government Printing Office, 1919
        Documents
  36 Pamphlet - 'The Student Army Training Corps,' Second Edition - Descriptive Circular, 1917-1919
        Documents
  37 Pamphlets - Vocational Education Monographs, 1918
        Documents
  38 Pamphlets - War Department - General Orders, 1913-1916
        Documents
  39 Pamphlet - War Department - Bulletin No. 16, June 22, 1916,
  40 Press Notices, n.d.
        Documents
  41 Q, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  42 R, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  43 Recreational Centers, 1918
        Documents
  44 Reports, 1918-1919
        Documents
  45 R.O.T.C., 1918-1919
        Documents
  46 S, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  47 S.A.T.C. Announcements, ca. 1917
        Documents
  48 S.A.T.C. Student Enrollment, 1918
        Documents
  49 Schedule of Classes, n.d.
        Documents
        "Mail received during Vice Rector's absence."
  50 Singing, 1918
        Documents
  51 Speeches, 1918
        Documents
  52 Summer Military Camps, 1916
        Documents
  53 Syllabus and Courses, 1918
        Documents
  54 T-U-V, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  55 Telegrams, 1918, n.d.
        Documents
  56 Textbooks, 1918
        Documents
  57 Training Memoranda, 1918
        Documents
  58 Transfers , 1918
        Documents
  59 W, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
  60 War Issues, 1918, n.d.
        Documents
  61 War Risks, 1918
        Documents
  62 X-Y-Z, 1918
        Documents
        surveys, memoranda
                       
Card Files, 1918-1919 (1 box)
A mix of 4 x 6 and 8.5 x 9.5 index cards related to student courses and grades.
Box  
2   Monthly Record of Academic Grades, 1918-1919
        8.5 x 9.5 inch cards
    Courses Taken (1), 1918-1919
        4 x 6 inch cards
    Courses Taken (2), 1918-1919
        4 x 6 inch cards

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Related Material

Index Terms

Bibliography

Detailed Description of the Collection

General Subject Files, A-Z, 1917-1921, n.d.

Card Files, 1918-1919

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