The Catholic University of America

Clarence Cyril Walton

An inventory of Clarence Cyril Walton Papers at The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives


Contact Information:

Mailing Address: The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. 20064

Telephone: 202-319-5065

Email: lib-archives@cua.edu

URL: http://archives.lib.cua.edu/

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Descriptive Summary

Repository: The American Catholic Research Center and University Archives
Creator: Clarence C. Walton, 1915-2004
Title: Clarence C. Walton Papers
Dates: 1910-1995
Extent: 15 linear feet; 30 boxes
Abstract: Walton, a native of Scranton, Pennsylvania, served in the U.S. Navy in World War II and later obtained a doctorate at The Catholic University of America (CUA). He taught and wrote extensively on history, political science, and business. The collection has personal correspondence, research on American Business Ethics, and materials from the academic institutions where Walton worked. Included are materials from Columbia University, in particular from the 1968 student strike, and from Walton's tenure as the first lay president of CUA, 1969-1978. There are also photos from his tenure at CUA as well as personal family photographs.
Collection Number: 084
Languages: English

Biographical Note

Clarence C. Walton was born in 1915 in Scranton, Pennsylvania, to Leo and Mary Walton. He came from a traditional Irish-American working class family; his father was superintendent of the railroad yard for the Lackawanna Railroad. During the Great Depression, Walton was able to obtain a scholarship to the University of Scranton where he earned his Bachelor's magna cum laude, he earned his masters at Syracuse University in History, and his doctorate at The Catholic University of America (CUA). He served in the Navy during World War II and remained in the Naval Reserve until 1956. In 1943 he married Betty Kennedy, whose father was a career navy man, and had two children Thomas and Mary Elizabeth. Betty had served in the WAVES during World War II, which is where they met each other.

Following the war, Walton returned to CUA to complete his Doctorate in History, earning his degree in 1951. His dissertation was titled "Kiderlen-Waechter and the Anglo-German Problem, 1910-1912". Afterwards, he continued graduate study at the University of Geneva and Harvard Business School. Following his studies, he taught history and political science at Duquesne University and the University of Scranton. In 1954, he became dean of the School of Business Administration at Duquesne. Four years later he moved to Columbia University where he became Associate Dean, professor and director of the doctoral program for the Graduate School of Business. A gifted writer and scholar, Walton moved quickly up the administrative ladder at Columbia where, in 1964, he was appointed dean of the School of Graduate Studies and head of the Center on Urban and Community Affairs. During his tenure as dean, he was a moderate during the 1968 Student Strike at Columbia, which attracted the CUA Board of Trustees during their search for a new president.

On January 31, 1969 the CUA Board of Trustees appointed Walton as the University's first lay president. During the early part of his tenure the main issues he had to tackle was student unrest with the Vietnam War. He met these issues head on by including students in the decision making process as well as maintaining the academic traditions of the university. Some of the highlight achievements of Walton's tenure was reforming the administrative structure of the university, reorganizing the School of Theology into the School of Religious Studies in 1973, and in 1976 securing a fourteen million dollar grant in establishing the Boys Town Center (now Aquinas Hall). Walton was also a preeminent expert on higher education during the 1970s, he served as chairman of the Presidential Panel on Non-Public Education from 1970-1972 and a major contributor on creating President Nixon's higher education policy. He was also a member of the City of Scranton's School Board and the Governor's Commission on Fair Housing in Pennsylvania.

One of his major accomplishments as an academic was helping create the field of study on American Business Ethics. During his career he founded the Washington Seminar on Business Ethics and Executive Training Programs at US Steel, Prudential Insurance, and IBM. He was also the author of fourteen books on the subject and received sixteen honorary doctorates. Following his retirement from CUA's Presidency in 1978, Walton became a professor of ethics at the American College in Byrn Mawr, Pennsylvania. He maintained this position until his retirement at seventy in 1985. He was also a professor at Villanova in Philadelphia and continued to write on business ethics until his death following a long illness on April 13, 2004, at his family home in Pennsylvania.

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Scope and Contents

The Clarence Walton Papers consists of seven series. The first is general correspondence, 1944-1986, organized chronologically in three boxes. The correspondence includes that with other universities during his tenure at the American College from 1978-1985, with family in Pennsylvania during his year of study at the University of Geneva from 1951-1952, and with family and friends during the course of his life.

The second series are five boxes of CUA files, mainly correspondence from Walton's tenure as President. It includes newspaper clippings, inaugural material, and administrative correspondence. Another item of importance is a manuscript of a reflection from his tenure at CUA. Lastly, there are files on controversial issues of his presidency, such as the McGuire tenure battle, the remnants of the Curran tenure battle, and the hiring of the new dean of the School of Law without student and faculty input. This series is organized in alphabetical order

The third series is a box of correspondence and clippings from Walton's years at Columbia University, 1958-1969. The bulk of the files are on the 1968 student strike as well as clippings from when he was appointed President of CUA. The correspondence is administrative and research correspondence from work as a professor and dean of the School of Graduate Studies. This series is organized in alphabetical order.

The fourth series are nine boxes of Business Ethics research materials. This includes reports on ethical scandals in American business during the 1970s and newspaper and magazine clippings on different ethical issues as well. Also, there are manuscripts of essays that Walton wrote, and class materials from when he taught at The American College. Lastly, there are reading materials, with annotations by Walton, for his classes. This series is in alphabetical order.

The fifth series are nine boxes from the Nixon Administration's Presidential Commission on Non Public Education, which Walton chaired. This includes meeting minutes and clippings about the commission, reports from the members of the committee and policy memos from the White House, and White House correspondence and correspondence with Congress on Walton's testimony on Non-Public education financing. Lastly, there is a manuscript of Walton's testimony to Congress in 1972. This series is organized in alphabetical order. The sixth series contains a box of publications. These are mainly journals and reports on business ethics and higher education. The publications on business ethics were used by Walton in his classes at The American College.

The final series are two boxes of personal photos and one award from the board of trustees from The American College. The photos are family photos, photos from Betty Walton's family, and photos of Walton from CUA. There are also photos from World War II of Walton and his years following the war in the Navy Reserve. This series is organized in alphabetical order. The Walton papers give great insight to the research done on American Business Ethics in the late twentieth century as well as the United States Government policy on non-public education during the Nixon Administration.

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Arrangement

The Clarence Cyril Walton Papers consists of seven series.








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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None

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Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

The Walton Papers were donated in two deposits. The first deposit was made by Walton at the end of his presidency in 1977 of three boxes from the President Nixon's Panel on Higher Education. The last nine boxes were deposited by Walton's widow Betty and his son Thomas in 2005.

Processing Information

Processing by Raymond Moore 2013 and EAD Markup by Raymond Moore 2013.

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Related Material

William Joseph McDonald Collection

C. Joseph Nuesse Papers

Nivard Scheel Papers

John P. Whalen Papers

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Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.


Persons:
Byron, Rev. William
Hannan, Cardinal Phillip
Nuesse, C. Joseph
O'Boyle, Cardinal Patrick
Pellegrino, Edmund

Organizations:
Catholic University of America (CUA)
Columbia University
National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB)
The American College at Bryn Mawr

Places:
New York, New York
Scranton, Pennsylvania
Washington, D.C.

Subjects:
1960s University Protests
Academic Freedom
Business Ethics
Catholic Higher Education


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Bibliography

Rev. David M. O'Connell. "Greatest in Our Midsts: A Tribute to Clarence Walton, 10th President of Catholic University", CUA Public Affairs, 2004.

Gordon, Eric B. "The Father of Business Ethics" Passes Away, Punjab.com, 2004.

CUA Public Affairs, Presidential Biography, 1973

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Detailed Description of the Collection

                       
Series 1: General Correspondence, 1944-1986 3 Boxes
Contains academic correspondence with other universities during Walton's tenure at the American College from 1978-1985. There is also correspondence written to family in Pennsylvania during his year study at the University of Geneva from 1951-1952 and correspondence with family and friends during the course of Walton's life.
Box Folder
1 1 Chronological Correspondence A-M (1), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
  2 Chronological Correspondence A-M (2), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
  3 Chronological Correspondence A-M (3), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
  4 Chronological Correspondence A-M (4), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
  5 Chronological Correspondence A-M (5), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
  6 Chronological Correspondence A-M (6), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
  7 Chronological Correspondence A-M (7), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
  8 Chronological Correspondence N-Z (1), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
Box Folder
2 1 Chronological Correspondence N-Z (2), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
  2 Chronological Correspondence N-Z (3), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
  3 Chronological Correspondence N-Z (4), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
  4 Chronological Correspondence N-Z (5), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
  5 Chronological Correspondence N-Z (6), 1979-1982
        The following two boxes are correspondence with friends, family, and academics from the American College at Bryn Mawr.
  6 Chronological Correspondence, 1986
Box Folder
3

1

2

Academic Correspondence, 1953-1956

Biographical Information, 1990-1991

  3 Correspondence, 1971-1986
        General academic correspondence
  4 Duquesne Correspondence, 1944-1968
        Correspondence with the university while teaching there and Betty's correspondence with Alumni
  5 Navy Reserve Discharge Correspondence, 1955-1956
  6 University of Geneva Family Letters, 1951
  7 University of Geneva Family Letters, 1952
                       
Series 2: CUA Files , 1967-1995 5 Boxes
Contains correspondence from Walton's tenure as President and includes newspaper clippings, inaugural material, and administrative correspondence. Another item of importance is a manuscript of a reflection from his tenure at CUA. Lastly, there are files on controversial issues of his presidency, such as the McGuire tenure battle, the remnants of the Curran legal battle, and the hiring of the new dean of the School of Law without student and faculty input.
Box Folder
4 1 Administration Letters on Maguire Tenure Scandal, 1970
        The Maguire tenure scandal was a theology professor who protested his denying of tenure on the grounds of discrimination, he was leaving the priesthood at the time of his denying of tenure.
  2 Board of Trustees Correspondence, 1969
        on appointment to the presidency
  3 Board of Trustees Correspondence, 1975-1976
        Archbishop Hannan
  4 Cardinal O'Boyle Correspondence, 1970-1973
  5 Canon Law School Correspondence, 1970-1973
        Mainly with Msgr. McManus
  6 Cardinal Gibbons Award Correspondence, 1978
        Given the September after Walton's retirement from CUA
  7 Clippings and Correspondence, 1968-1976
        on appointment to the presidency and Cardinal Wojtyla, Pope John Paul II, visit to CUA in 1976
  8 Inauguration Clippings, 1969
Box Folder
5 1 Correspondence on Liberal Theologians, 1982-1990
        Correspondence with President Byron on this issue and the Curran legal case 1986-89
  2 CUA Clippings, 1969-1990
        General events
  3 CUA Church Art and Architecture Clippings, 1969-1999
  4 CUA Correspondence, 1970-1982
        Includes correspondence with President Pellegrino
  5 CUA General Correspondence, 1964-1974
        president's office
  6 CUA Related Correspondence, 1980-1997
        correspondence with various faculty and administration members
Box Folder
6 1 Curran Trial Correspondence, 1989
  2 Inauguration Materials, 1969
  3 Knights of Columbus CUA Scholarship Article, 1982
        From the KOC centennial
  4 Legal Correspondence, 1989
        Curran trial testimony
  5 Manuscript on tenure as CUA President, 1993
  6 Manuscript on CUA Years, 1995
        A general history of CUA from 1969-1978
  7 Possible Resolution to Maguire Tenure Case, 1970
  8 Maguire Memorandums, 1970
Box Folder
7

1

2

Maguire Articles on Tenure, 1970-1971

Maguire Correspondence, 1970

  3 Maguire Articles and Correspondence, 1970-1971
        Including correspondence with C. Joseph Nuesse
  4 Nuesse Correspondence, 1971-1976
        Administrative
  5 Papal Correspondence, 1970-1974
  6 Post Presidential Correspondence, 1978-1982
Box Folder
8 1 Post-Presidency Articles, 1978-1980
  2 Post-Presidency Correspondence, 1978-1982
  3 Post-CUA Correspondence, 1985-1990
  4 School of Religious Studies Correspondence, 1967
        Reference material for Maguire case
  5 SRS Reorganization and Garvey Controversy, 1974-1977
        Dean Garvey appointment of the School of Law
  6 University Addresses, 1978-1983
        Statement on Northern Ireland included
                       
Series 3: Appointment to CUA, 1964-1969 1 Box
Contains correspondence and clippings from Walton's years at Columbia University, 1958-1969. The bulk of the files are on the 1968 student strike as well as clippings from when he was appointed President of CUA. Thhis is administrative and research correspondence from work as a professor and dean of the School of Graduate Studies.
Box Folder
9 1 Appointment to CUA Clippings and Correspondence, 1968-1969
  2 Columbia University Clippings, 1964-1969
  3 Columbia University Clippings, 1969
  4 Columbia University Correspondence, 1964-1968
  5 Columbia University Essays, 1964-1968
        Submitted by Walton to faculty meetings and seminars
                       
Series 4: Business Ethics Research, 1960-1994 9 Boxes
Contains reports on ethical scandals in American Business during the 1970s and newspaper and magazine clippings on ethical issues as well. Also, there are manuscripts of essays that he wrote, and class materials from when he taught at The American College. Lastly, there are reading materials, with Walton's annotations, for his classes.
Box Folder
10 1 Advertising Ethics Articles, 1984
  2 Anti-Trust Suit Essays, 1975-1978
  3 Bank of Ireland Correspondence, 1983
  4 Banking Ethics Files, 1971
        Articles and notes
  5 Bribery Articles and Notes, 1975
  6 Bryn Mawr Business Ethics Classes, 1983
  7 Bryn Mawr College Articles, 1978
Box Folder
11 1 Business Ethics in Arts and Science, 1980-1981
  2 Business Ethics Journals and Articles, 1977-1978
  3 Business Case Studies, 1980
  4 Business Civil Legal Cases, 1971-1979
  5 Business Civil Legal Cases, 1975-1979
  6 Case Studies, 1980-1985
  7 Class Outlines, 1981-1984
Box Folder
12 1 Class Lectures, 1983
  2 Commencement Speeches, 1967-1971
        on business ethics
  3 Corporation Ethics Notes, 1978-1980
  4 Corporate Governance Board Clippings, 1978-1981
  5 Corporate Correspondence, 1981-1983
        On corporate training programs on ethics
  6 Corporate Governance Papers, 1983
  7 Essay, 1979
        An Ethical Inquiry Into Corporate Governance
Box Folder
13 1 Essays on Corporate Ethics for the 80s, 1980
  2 Ethics of Contract Law, 1977-1980
  3 Ethical Speeches, 1973-1976
  4 Ethical Theory and Business Notes, 1983
  5 Foreign Corrupt Capital Business Practices, 1977
  6 Goldman Sachs Ethics Report, 1980
  7 Graduation Speeches, 1967-1978
Box Folder
14 1 Irish Conference on Business Ethics, 1982
  2 Insurance Ethics, 1979-1982
  3 Japanese Business Ethics, 1979
  4 Labor Legal Cases, 1980
  5 Management Ethics Class Notes, 1984
  6 Mellon Steel Essays, 1982
  7 Nestle Case Files, 1977-1980
Box Folder
15 1 Pharmaceutical Company Ethics, 1984
  2 Post CUA Class Materials, 1978-1981
        Business Ethics class lecture materials from The American College
  3 Oil Company Ethics, 1967-1976
  4 Research Correspondence, 1983-1985
  5 Securities Exchange Correspondence, 1980-1981
Box Folder
16 1 Seminar Presentations (1), 1981
  2 Seminar Presentations (2), 1981
  3 Seminar Presentations (3), 1981
  4 Speeches on Catholicism and the Economy, 1960-1972
  5 Speeches Notes and Transcripts, 1978-1985
  6 Social Environments and Public Policy, 1983
  7 A Study of Corporate Ethical Policy Statements, 1984
Box Folder
17 1 The American College Correspondence, 1984
  2 The Role of the Market in Infant Nutrition, 1978
  3 Theory of Management, 1981
        Social Responsibility
  4 Truth in Advertising, 1984
  5 Truth in Advertising Essays, 1984-1995
  6 Union Legal Case Files, 1980
Box Folder
18 1 US Constitution and US Corporation Essay, 1978
  2 Villanova Class Notes, 1984-1990
  3 Villanova Ethics Notes, 1985
  4 Villanova Ethics Notes, 1985
  5 Whistleblowing Ethics, 1978-1979
  6 Whistleblowing Notes, 1979-1994
                       
Series 5: Presidential Commission on Non Public Education, 1942-1972 9 Boxes
This series includes meeting minutes and clippings about the commission, reports from the members of the committee and policy memos from the White House. Also included is White House correspondence and correspondence with Congress on Walton's testimony on Non-Public education financing. Lastly, there is a manuscript of Walton's testimony to Congress in 1972.
Box Folder
19 1 Clippings from the Commission, 1970
  2 Clippings from the Commission, 1971
  3 Clippings from the Commission, 1971-1972
  4 Clippings from the Commission, 1972
  5 Clippings on Lectures from the Commission, 1970-1971
  6 Clippings on Non-Public Education, 1947-1970
Box Folder
20 1 Congressional Committee on Education, 1972
        Testimony transcript and correspondence
  2 Consultant Correspondence, 1971
  3 Consultant Correspondence, 1971
        Jewish Education
  4 Congressional Testimony, 1972
        Official Released Testimony transcript and full congressional report on non-public education
  5 Congressional Testimony and Correspondence, 1972
        Testimony transcript and correspondence
  6 CUA Expenses for Walton, 1970
        Travel Expenses for Commission meetings
  7 Government Education Reports, 1942-1969
  8 Public Policy and Non-Public Education, 1970
        University of Chicago Report
  9 Financial Correspondence, 1971-1972
Box Folder
21 1 Government Position Paper on Elementary and Secondary Educational Finances, 1971
  2 How the Public Views Non-Public Schools, 1969
        Statistical report by George Gallup
  3 Letters of Criticism on Commission received by Walton, 1970
  4 Letters of Criticism on Commission received by Walton (1), 1971-1972
  5 Letters of Criticism on Commission received by Walton (2), 1971-1972
  6 Letters of Criticism on Commission received by Walton (3), 1971-1972
  7 Meeting Minutes, 1971
  8 National Cost in Education Report, 1971
Box Folder
22 1 Notes on White House Panel (1), 1970-1971
  2 Notes on White House Panel (2), 1970-1971
  3 Notes on White House Panel, 1971
  4 President's Commission on School Finance, 1970
        Plan of Operation-statistics from Johnson and Nixon Administrations
  5 President's Commission on School Finance, 1971
  6 President's Commission-White House Correspondence (1), 1971
  7 President's Commission-White House Correspondence (2), 1971
  8 President's Panel on Non Public Education Minutes, 1970-1972
        from select meetings
Box Folder
23 1 President's Panel on Non-Public Education Report, 1971
  2 Report on Education-Taxation, 1971
  3 Response to White House Report, 1970-1972
  4 "A Review and Assessment of Public Support to Non-Public Schools, 1971
  5 School Financing Publication, 1971
  6 Speeches, Reports, and Articles, n.d
        The following folders are subject material used by Walton for his research for the committee. This includes material he wrote, as well as notes he took on the subject.
Box Folder
24 1 Speeches and Articles on Nixon, 1970
  2 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (1), 1970
  3 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (2), 1970
  4 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (3), 1970
  5 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (4), 1970
  6 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (5), 1970
Box Folder
25 1 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (6), 1970
  2 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (1), 1971
  3 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (2), 1971
  4 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (3), 1971
  5 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (4), 1971
  6 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (5), 1971
  7 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (1), 6/23/1971
Box Folder
26 1 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (2), 6/23/1971
  2 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (3), 6/23/1971
  3 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (1), 8/30/1971
  4 Speeches, Reports, and Articles (2), 8/30/1971
  5 Speeches, Reports, and Articles , 12/7/1971
  6 Speeches, Reports, and Articles, 7/13/1972
  7 Speeches, Reports, and Articles, 1972
        Nixon's Appearance at NCEA Conference
  8 Summary of Aid to Non-Public Schools, 1971
Box Folder
27 1 Testimony on Presidential Commission on Education, 1972
  2 Washington Conference on Non-Public Education, 1971
  3 White House Correspondence, 1972-1973
  4 White House Commission Meeting Minutes, 1970-1971
  5 White House Meeting Minutes, 1971
  6 White House Commission Meeting Minutes, 1971
  7 White House Working Papers, 1970-1971
  8 White House Working Papers, 1971
  9 White House Working Papers, 1972
                       
Series 6: Publications, 1978-1993 1 Box
These are publications of journals and reports on business ethics and higher education. The publications on business ethics were used by Walton in his classes at The American College.
Box Folder
28 1 Business Ethics Articles, 1991-1993
  2 Columbia University Books Reviews, 1993
  3 Business Ethics Journals, 1978-1990
                       
Series 7: Photos and Awards, 1910-19 2 Boxes
Contains personal photos and one award from the board of trustees from The American College. The photos are family photos, photos from Betty Walton's family, and photos of Walton from CUA. There are also photos from World War II of Walton and his years following the war in the Navy Reserve.
Box Folder
29 1 Personal Calendars, 1945-1972
        with photos
  2 Commencement Photos, 1974-1986
  3 CUA Photos (1), 1969-1987
  4 CUA Photos (2), 1969-1987
  5 Betty Walton Family Photos, 1910s-1940s
  6 Betty (Kennedy) Walton Photos, 1940-1955
  7 Betty Walton Family and World War II Photos, 1942-1946
Box Folder
30 1 Thomas Walton Elementary School Project, 1950s
  2 Family Photos, 1958-1989
  3 Family Photos, 1948-1965
  4 Family Photos, 1940s-1983
  5 Family Photos, 1940s-1960
  6 World War II Navy Photos, 1942-1944
  7 Nixon Cabinet Photo-Education Commission, 1970

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Related Material

Index Terms

Bibliography

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: General Correspondence, 1944-1986

Series 2: CUA Files , 1967-1995

Series 3: Appointment to CUA, 1964-1969

Series 4: Business Ethics Research, 1960-1994

Series 5: Presidential Commission on Non Public Education, 1942-1972

Series 6: Publications, 1978-1993

Series 7: Photos and Awards, 1910-19

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