|1884 Baltimore Council
In 1884, the bishops of the United States gathered in Baltimore and in an historic meeting
took a number of significant steps. They agreed, for example, that every parish in America
should try to build a parochial school within two years of the Plenary Council's closing.
They asked the Holy See to approve a new Catholic university for America, and they
approved a uniform, English language catechism for the United States, the legendary
The Society of the Missionary Priests of St. Paul the Apostle
The Society of the Missionary Priests of St. Paul the Apostle was founded
by Issac Hecker in 1858. Hecker and many of the early Paulists were converts to
Catholicism. They were convinced of the essential harmony between the Catholic faith and
American ideals and thus the potential for non-Catholic Americans to appreciate and
ultimately embrace Catholicism. The Paulists had a strong influence on Archbishop John J.
Keane and Archbishop John Ireland: Ireland would call Hecker, "the flower of American